=head1 NAME

Net::Twitter::Lite - A perl interface to the Twitter API

=head1 VERSION

version 0.12008

=head1 STOP!

You probably want L<Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1> which has support for
Twitter API v1.1. If you're using a service with an API compatible with
Twitter's deprecated API v1, then you're in the right place.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Net::Twitter::Lite;

  my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(
      username => $user,
      password => $password
      legacy_lists_api => 0,
  );

  my $result = eval { $nt->update('Hello, world!') };

  eval {
      my $statuses = $nt->friends_timeline({ since_id => $high_water, count => 100 });
      for my $status ( @$statuses ) {
          print "$status->{created_at} <$status->{user}{screen_name}> $status->{text}\n";
      }
  };
  warn "$@\n" if $@;


=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module provides a perl interface to the Twitter API v1.

It uses the same API definitions as L<Net::Twitter>, but without the extra
bells and whistles and without the additional dependencies.  Same great taste,
less filling.

This module is related to, but is not part of the C<Net::Twitter>
distribution.  It's API methods and API method documentation are generated
from C<Net::Twitter>'s internals.  It exists for those who cannot, or prefer
not to install L<Moose> and its dependencies.

You should consider upgrading to C<Net::Twitter> for additional functionality,
finer grained control over features, backwards compatibility with older
versions of C<Net::Twitter>, and additional error handling options.

=head1 CLIENT CODE CHANGES REQUIRED

=head2 Legacy Lists API

Twitter re-implemented the Lists API using new endpoints and semantics. For backwards
compatibility, this version of C<Net::Twitter::Lite> defaults to the deprecated, legacy
endpoints and semantics.  It issues a warning if the C<legacy_lists_api> option to new
is not provided.

To enable the new Lists endpoints and semantics, pass C<(legacy_lists_api => 0)> to
C<new>.  To disable the warning, and keep the backwards compatible endpoints and
semantics, pass C<(legacy_lists_api => 1)> to C<new>.

The C<legacy_lists_api> option to C<new> sets the default for all lists API method
calls.  You can override the default an each API call by passing a C<-legacy_lists_api>
option set to 1 or 0.

Support for C<legacy_lists_api> option will be removed in a future version and the
option to C<new> will be silently ignored.

=head2 netrc option

The default C<apiurl> changed in version 0.08006.  The change should be
transparent to client code, unless you're using the C<netrc> option.  If so,
you'll need to either update the C<.netrc> entry and change the C<machine>
value from C<twitter.com> to C<api.twitter.com>, or set either the C<netrc>
or C<netrc_machine> options to C<twitter.com>.

    $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(netrc_machine => 'twitter.com', netrc => 1);
    # -or-
    $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(netrc => 'twitter.com');

=head2 OAuth requires callback parameter

Beginning with version 0.03, it is necessary for web applications using OAuth
authentication to pass the C<callback> parameter to C<get_authorization_url>.
In the absence of a callback parameter, when the user authorizes the
application a PIN number is displayed rather than redirecting the user back to
your site.

=head1 MIGRATING FROM NET::TWITTER 2.x

If you are migrating from Net::Twitter 2.12 (or an earlier version), you may
need to make some minor changes to your application code in order to user
Net::Twitter::Lite successfully.

The primary difference is in error handling.  Net::Twitter::Lite throws
exceptions on error.  It does not support the C<get_error>, C<http_code>, and
C<http_message> methods used in Net::Twitter 2.12 and prior versions.

Instead of

  # DON'T!
  my $friends = $nt->friends();
  if ( $friends ) {
      # process $friends
  }

wrap the API call in an eval block:

  # DO!
  my $friends = eval { $nt->friends() };
  if ( $friends ) {
      # process $friends
  }

Here's a much more complex example taken from application code using
Net::Twitter 2.12:

  # DON'T!
  my $friends = $nt->friends();
  if ( $friends ) {
      # process $friends
  }
  else {
      my $error = $nt->get_error;
      if ( ref $error ) {
          if ( ref($error) eq 'HASH' && exists $error->{error} ) {
              $error = $error->{error};
          }
          else {
              $error = 'Unexpected error type ' . ref($error);
          }
      }
      else {
          $error = $nt->http_code() . ": " . $nt->http_message;
      }
      warn "$error\n";
  }

The Net::Twitter::Lite equivalent is:

  # DO!
  eval {
      my $friends = $nt->friends();
      # process $friends
  };
  warn "$@\n" if $@;
  return;

In Net::Twitter::Lite, an error can always be treated as a string.  See
L<Net::Twitter::Lite::Error>.  The HTTP Status Code and HTTP Message are both
available.  Rather than accessing them via the Net::Twitter::Lite instance,
you access them via the Net::Twitter::Lite::Error instance thrown as an error.

For example:

  # DO!
  eval {
     my $friends = $nt->friends();
     # process $friends
  };
  if ( my $error = $@ ) {
      if ( blessed $error && $error->isa("Net::Twitter::Lite::Error)
           && $error->code() == 502 ) {
          $error = "Fail Whale!";
      }
      warn "$error\n";
  }

=head2 Unsupported Net::Twitter 2.12 options to C<new>

Net::Twitter::Lite does not support the following Net::Twitter 2.12 options to
C<new>.  It silently ignores them:

=over 4

=item no_fallback

If Net::Twitter::Lite is unable to create an instance of the class specified in
the C<useragent_class> option to C<new>, it dies, rather than falling back to
an LWP::UserAgent object.  You really don't want a failure to create the
C<useragent_class> you specified to go unnoticed.

=item twittervision

Net::Twitter::Lite does not support the TwitterVision API.  Use Net::Twitter,
instead, if you need it.

=item skip_arg_validation

Net::Twitter::Lite does not API parameter validation.  This is a feature.  If
Twitter adds a new option to an API method, you can use it immediately by
passing it in the HASH ref to the API call.

Net::Twitter::Lite relies on Twitter to validate its own parameters.  An
appropriate exception will be thrown if Twitter reports a parameter error.

=item die_on_validation

See L</skip_arg_validation>.  If Twitter returns an bad parameter error, an
appropriate exception will be thrown.

=item arrayref_on_error

This option allowed the following idiom in Net::Twitter 2.12:

  # DON'T!
  for my $friend ( @{ $nt->friends() } ) {
     # process $friend
  }

The equivalent Net::Twitter::Lite code is:

  # DO!
  eval {
      for my $friend ( @{ $nt->friends() } ) {
          # process $friend
      }
  };

=back

=head2 Unsupported Net::Twitter 2.12 methods

=over 4

=item clone

The C<clone> method was added to Net::Twitter 2.x to allow safe error handling
in an environment where concurrent requests are handled, for example, when
using LWP::UserAgent::POE as the C<useragent_class>.  Since Net::Twitter::Lite
throws exceptions instead of stashing them in the Net::Twitter::Lite instance,
it is safe in a current request environment, obviating the need for C<clone>.

=item get_error

=item http_code

=item http_message

These methods are replaced by Net::Twitter::Lite::Error.  An instance of that
class is thrown errors are encountered.

=back

=head1 METHODS AND ARGUMENTS

=over 4

=item new

This constructs a C<Net::Twitter::Lite> object.  It takes several named parameters,
all of them optional:

=over 4

=item username

This is the screen name or email used to authenticate with Twitter. Use this
option for Basic Authentication, only.

=item password

This is the password used to authenticate with Twitter. Use this option for
Basic Authentication, only.

=item consumer_key

A string containing the OAuth consumer key provided by Twitter when an application
is registered.  Use this option for OAuth authentication, only.

=item consumer_secret

A string containing the OAuth consumer secret. Use this option for OAuth authentication, only.
the C<OAuth> trait is included.

=item oauth_urls

A HASH ref of URLs to be used with OAuth authentication. Defaults to:

  {
      request_token_url => "http://twitter.com/oauth/request_token",
      authorization_url => "http://twitter.com/oauth/authorize",
      access_token_url  => "http://twitter.com/oauth/access_token",
      xauth_url         => "https://twitter.com/oauth/access_token",
  }

=item clientname

The value for the C<X-Twitter-Client-Name> HTTP header. It defaults to "Perl
Net::Twitter::Lite".

=item clientver

The value for the C<X-Twitter-Client-Version> HTTP header. It defaults to
current version of the C<Net::Twitter::Lite> module.

=item clienturl

The value for the C<X-Twitter-Client-URL> HTTP header. It defaults to the
search.cpan.org page for the C<Net::Twitter::Lite> distribution.

=item useragent_class

The C<LWP::UserAgent> compatible class used internally by C<Net::Twitter::Lite>.  It
defaults to "LWP::UserAgent".  For L<POE> based applications, consider using
"LWP::UserAgent::POE".

=item useragent_args

An HASH ref of arguments to pass to constructor of the class specified with
C<useragent_class>, above.  It defaults to {} (an empty HASH ref).

=item useragent

The value for C<User-Agent> HTTP header.  It defaults to
"Net::Twitter::Lite/0.11002 (Perl)".

=item source

The value used in the C<source> parameter of API method calls. It is currently
only used in the C<update> method in the REST API.  It defaults to
"twitterpm".  This results in the text "from Net::Twitter" rather than "from
web" for status messages posted from C<Net::Twitter::Lite> when displayed via the
Twitter web interface.  The value for this parameter is provided by Twitter
when a Twitter application is registered.  See
L<http://apiwiki.twitter.com/FAQ#HowdoIget%E2%80%9CfromMyApp%E2%80%9DappendedtoupdatessentfrommyAPIapplication>.

=item apiurl

The URL for the Twitter API. This defaults to "http://twitter.com".

=item identica

If set to 1 (or any value that evaluates to true), apiurl defaults to
"http://identi.ca/api".

=item ssl

If set to 1, an SSL connection will be used for all API calls. Defaults to 0.

=item netrc

(Optional) Sets the I<machine> key to look up in C<.netrc> to obtain
credentials. If set to 1, Net::Twitter::Lite will use the value of the C<netrc_machine>
option (below).

   # in .netrc
   machine api.twitter.com
     login YOUR_TWITTER_USER_NAME
     password YOUR_TWITTER_PASSWORD
   machine semifor.twitter.com
     login semifor
     password SUPERSECRET

   # in your perl program
   $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(netrc => 1);
   $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(netrc => 'semifor.twitter.com');

=item netrc_machine

(Optional) Sets the C<machine> entry to look up in C<.netrc> when C<<netrc => 1>>
is used.  Defaults to C<api.twitter.com>.

=item legacy_lists_api

If set to 1, this option enables backwards compatibility by using the now deprecated
endpoints and semantics for lists API methods. If set to 0, the new endpoints and
semantics will be used. Only the new lists API methods are documented here.

If you do not provide this option to C<new> a warning is issued. Support for
this option and the legacy lists API methods will be removed in a future version.

=item wrap_result

(Optional) If set to 1, this option will return an
L<Net::Twitter::Lite::WrapResult> object, which provides both the Twitter API
result and the L<HTTP::Response> object for the API call. See
L<Net::Twitter::Lite::WrapResult> for details.

=back

=back

=head2 BASIC AUTHENTICATION METHODS

=over 4

=item credentials($username, $password)

Set the credentials for Basic Authentication.  This is helpful for managing
multiple accounts.

=back

=head2 OAUTH METHODS

=over 4

=item authorized

Whether the client has the necessary credentials to be authorized.

Note that the credentials may be wrong and so the request may fail.

=item request_access_token

Returns list including the access token, access token secret, user_id, and
screen_name for this user. Takes a HASH of arguments. The C<verifier> argument
is required.  See L</OAUTH EXAMPLES>.

The user must have authorized this app at the url given by C<get_authorization_url> first.

For desktop applications, the Twitter authorization page will present the user
with a PIN number.  Prompt the user for the PIN number, and pass it as the
C<verifier> argument to request_access_token.

Returns the access token and access token secret but also sets them internally
so that after calling this method, you can immediately call API methods
requiring authentication.

=item get_authorization_url(callback => $callback_url)

Get the URL used to authorize the user.  Returns a C<URI> object.  For web
applications, pass your applications callback URL as the C<callback> parameter.
No arguments are required for desktop applications (C<callback> defaults to
C<oob>, out-of-band).

=item get_authentication_url(callback => $callback_url)

Get the URL used to authenticate the user with "Sign in with Twitter"
authentication flow.  Returns a C<URI> object.  For web applications, pass your
applications callback URL as the C<callback> parameter.  No arguments are
required for desktop applications (C<callback> defaults to C<oob>, out-of-band).

=item xauth($username, $password)

Exchanges a username and password for OAuth tokens. Your application must be
approved for XAuth access by Twitter for this method to work.  Twitter does not
grant XAuth access for web applications except for a brief period of time to
allow them to switch form Basic authentication to OAuth authentication.

=item access_token

Get or set the access token.

=item access_token_secret

Get or set the access token secret.

=item request_token

Get or set the request token.

=item request_token_secret

Get or set the request token secret.

=item access_token_url

Get or set the access_token URL.

=item authentication_url

Get or set the authentication URL.

=item authorization_url

Get or set the authorization URL.

=item request_token_url

Get or set the request_token URL.

=item xauth_url

Get or set the XAuth access token request URL.

=back

=head1 API METHODS AND ARGUMENTS

Most Twitter API methods take parameters.  All Net::Twitter::Lite API
methods will accept a HASH ref of named parameters as specified in the Twitter
API documentation.  For convenience, many Net::Twitter::Lite methods accept
simple positional arguments as documented, below.  The positional parameter
passing style is optional; you can always use the named parameters in a hash
ref if you prefer.

For example, the REST API method C<update> has one required parameter,
C<status>.  You can call C<update> with a HASH ref argument:

    $nt->update({ status => 'Hello world!' });

Or, you can use the convenient form:

    $nt->update('Hello world!');

The C<update> method also has an optional parameter, C<in_reply_to_status_id>.
To use it, you B<must> use the HASH ref form:

    $nt->update({ status => 'Hello world!', in_reply_to_status_id => $reply_to });

Convenience form is provided for the required parameters of all API methods.
So, these two calls are equivalent:

    $nt->friendship_exists({ user_a => $fred, user_b => $barney });
    $nt->friendship_exists($fred, $barney);

Many API methods have aliases.  You can use the API method name, or any of its
aliases, as you prefer.  For example, these calls are all equivalent:

    $nt->friendship_exists($fred, $barney);
    $nt->relationship_exists($fred, $barney);
    $nt->follows($fred, $barney);

Aliases support both the HASH ref and convenient forms:

    $nt->follows({ user_a => $fred, user_b => $barney });

Methods that support the C<page> parameter expect page numbers E<gt> 0.  Twitter silently
ignores invalid C<page> values.  So C<< { page => 0 } >> produces the same result
as C<< { page => 1 } >>.

In addition to the arguments specified for each API method described below, an
additional C<authenticate> parameter can be passed.  To request an
C<Authorization> header, pass C<< authenticated => 1 >>; to suppress an
authentication header, pass C<< authentication => 0 >>.  Even if requested, an
Authorization header will not be added if there are no user credentials
(username and password for Basic Authentication; access tokens for OAuth).

This is probably only useful for the L</rate_limit_status> method in the REST
API, since it returns different values for an authenticated and a
non-authenticated call.

=head1 REST API Methods

Several of these methods accept a user ID as the C<id> parameter.  The user ID
can be either a screen name, or the users numeric ID.  To disambiguate, use
the C<screen_name> or C<user_id> parameters, instead.

For example, These calls are equivalent:

    $nt->create_friend('perl_api');    # screen name
    $nt->create_friend(1564061);       # numeric ID
    $nt->create_friend({ id => 'perl_api' });
    $nt->create_friend({ screen_name => 'perl_api' });
    $nt->create_friend({ user_id     => 1564061 });

However user_id 911 and screen_name 911 are separate Twitter accounts.  These
calls are NOT equivalent:

    $nt->create_friend(911); # interpreted as screen name
    $nt->create_friend({ user_id => 911 }); # screen name: richellis

Whenever the C<id> parameter is required and C<user_id> and C<screen_name> are
also parameters, using any one of them satisfies the requirement.



=over 4

=item B<account_settings>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the current trend, geo and sleep time information for the
authenticating user.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<account_totals>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the current count of friends, followers, updates (statuses)
and favorites of the authenticating user.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<add_list_member>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Add a member to a list. The authenticated user must own the list to be able to
add members to it. Note that lists can't have more than 500 members.


Returns: User

=item B<add_place>

=item B<add_place(name, contained_within, token, lat, long)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: name, contained_within, token, lat, long, attribute:street_address, callback

=item Required: name, contained_within, token, lat, long

=back

Creates a new place object at the given latitude and longitude.

Before creating a place you need to query C<similar_places> with the latitude,
longitude and name of the place you wish to create. The query will return an
array of places which are similar to the one you wish to create, and a token.
If the place you wish to create isn't in the returned array you can use the
token with this method to create a new one.


Returns: Place

=item B<all_subscriptions>


=item alias: all_lists

=item alias: list_subscriptions


=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, count, cursor

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns all lists the authenticating or specified user subscribes to, including
their own. The user is specified using the user_id or screen_name parameters.
If no user is given, the authenticating user is used.


Returns: ArrayRef[List]

=item B<block_exists>

=item B<block_exists(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns if the authenticating user is blocking a target user. Will return the blocked user's
object if a block exists, and error with HTTP 404 response code otherwise.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<blocking>



=over 4

=item Parameters: page, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns an array of user objects that the authenticating user is blocking.


Returns: ArrayRef[BasicUser]

=item B<blocking_ids>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns an array of numeric user ids the authenticating user is blocking.


Returns: ArrayRef[Int]

=item B<contributees>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_satus

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns an array of users that the specified user can contribute to.


Returns: ArrayRef[User]

=item B<contributors>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_satus

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns an array of users who can contribute to the specified account.


Returns: ArrayRef[User]

=item B<create_block>

=item B<create_block(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Blocks the user specified in the ID parameter as the authenticating user.
Returns the blocked user when successful.  You can find out more about
blocking in the Twitter Support Knowledge Base.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<create_favorite>

=item B<create_favorite(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Favorites the status specified in the ID parameter as the
authenticating user.  Returns the favorite status when successful.


Returns: Status

=item B<create_friend>

=item B<create_friend(id)>


=item alias: follow_new


=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, follow, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Befriends the user specified in the ID parameter as the authenticating user.
Returns the befriended user when successful.  Returns a string describing the
failure condition when unsuccessful.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<create_list>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, name, mode, description, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Creates a new list for the authenticated user. Note that you can't create more
than 20 lists per account.


Returns: List

=item B<create_saved_search>

=item B<create_saved_search(query)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: query

=item Required: query

=back

Creates a saved search for the authenticated user.


Returns: SavedSearch

=item B<delete_list>



=over 4

=item Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Deletes the specified list. The authenticated user must own the list to be able
to destroy it.


Returns: List

=item B<delete_list_member>


=item alias: remove_list_member


=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Removes the specified member from the list. The authenticated user must be the
list's owner to remove members from the list.


Returns: User

=item B<destroy_block>

=item B<destroy_block(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name

=item Required: id

=back

Un-blocks the user specified in the ID parameter as the authenticating user.
Returns the un-blocked user when successful.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<destroy_direct_message>

=item B<destroy_direct_message(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Destroys the direct message specified in the required ID parameter.
The authenticating user must be the recipient of the specified direct
message.


Returns: DirectMessage

=item B<destroy_favorite>

=item B<destroy_favorite(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Un-favorites the status specified in the ID parameter as the
authenticating user.  Returns the un-favorited status.


Returns: Status

=item B<destroy_friend>

=item B<destroy_friend(id)>


=item alias: unfollow


=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Discontinues friendship with the user specified in the ID parameter as the
authenticating user.  Returns the un-friended user when successful.
Returns a string describing the failure condition when unsuccessful.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<destroy_saved_search>

=item B<destroy_saved_search(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id

=item Required: id

=back

Destroys a saved search. The search, specified by C<id>, must be owned
by the authenticating user.


Returns: SavedSearch

=item B<destroy_status>

=item B<destroy_status(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Destroys the status specified by the required ID parameter.  The
authenticating user must be the author of the specified status.


Returns: Status

=item B<direct_messages>

=item B<direct_messages(include_entities)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page, include_entities

=item Required: include_entities

=back

Returns a list of the 20 most recent direct messages sent to the authenticating
user including detailed information about the sending and recipient users.


Returns: ArrayRef[DirectMessage]

=item B<disable_notifications>

=item B<disable_notifications(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Disables notifications for updates from the specified user to the
authenticating user.  Returns the specified user when successful.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<enable_notifications>

=item B<enable_notifications(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Enables notifications for updates from the specified user to the
authenticating user.  Returns the specified user when successful.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<end_session>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Ends the session of the authenticating user, returning a null cookie.
Use this method to sign users out of client-facing applications like
widgets.


Returns: Error

=item B<favorites>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, page, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent favorite statuses for the authenticating
user or user specified by the ID parameter.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<followers_ids>

=item B<followers_ids(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, cursor

=item Required: id

=back

Returns a reference to an array of numeric IDs for every user following the
specified user. The order of the IDs may change from call to call. To obtain
the screen names, pass the arrayref to L</lookup_users>.

Use the optional C<cursor> parameter to retrieve IDs in pages of 5000.  When
the C<cursor> parameter is used, the return value is a reference to a hash with
keys C<previous_cursor>, C<next_cursor>, and C<ids>.  The value of C<ids> is a
reference to an array of IDS of the user's followers. Set the optional C<cursor>
parameter to -1 to get the first page of IDs.  Set it to the prior return's
value of C<previous_cursor> or C<next_cursor> to page forward or backwards.
When there are no prior pages, the value of C<previous_cursor> will be 0.  When
there are no subsequent pages, the value of C<next_cursor> will be 0.


Returns: HashRef|ArrayRef[Int]

=item B<friends_ids>

=item B<friends_ids(id)>


=item alias: following_ids


=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, cursor

=item Required: id

=back

Returns a reference to an array of numeric IDs for every user followed by the
specified user. The order of the IDs is reverse chronological.

Use the optional C<cursor> parameter to retrieve IDs in pages of 5000.  When
the C<cursor> parameter is used, the return value is a reference to a hash with
keys C<previous_cursor>, C<next_cursor>, and C<ids>.  The value of C<ids> is a
reference to an array of IDS of the user's friends. Set the optional C<cursor>
parameter to -1 to get the first page of IDs.  Set it to the prior return's
value of C<previous_cursor> or C<next_cursor> to page forward or backwards.
When there are no prior pages, the value of C<previous_cursor> will be 0.  When
there are no subsequent pages, the value of C<next_cursor> will be 0.


Returns: HashRef|ArrayRef[Int]

=item B<friendship_exists>

=item B<friendship_exists(user_a, user_b)>


=item alias: relationship_exists

=item alias: follows


=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id_a, user_id_b, screen_name_a, screen_name_b, user_a, user_b

=item Required: user_a, user_b

=back

Tests for the existence of friendship between two users. Will return true if
user_a follows user_b, otherwise will return false.

Use of C<user_a> and C<user_b> is deprecated.  It has been preserved for backwards
compatibility, and is used for the two-argument positional form:

    $nt->friendship_exists($user_a, $user_b);

Instead, you should use one of the named argument forms:

    $nt->friendship_exists({ user_id_a => $id1, user_id_b => $id2 });
    $nt->friendship_exists({ screen_name_a => $name1, screen_name_b => $name2 });

Consider using C<show_friendship> instead.


Returns: Bool

=item B<friendships_incoming>

=item B<friendships_incoming(cursor)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: cursor

=item Required: cursor

=back

Returns an HASH ref with an array of numeric IDs in the C<ids> element for
every user who has a pending request to follow the authenticating user.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<friendships_outgoing>

=item B<friendships_outgoing(cursor)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: cursor

=item Required: cursor

=back

Returns an HASH ref with an array of numeric IDs in the C<ids> element for
every protected user for whom the authenticating user has a pending follow
request.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<geo_id>

=item B<geo_id(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id

=item Required: id

=back

Returns details of a place returned from the C<reverse_geocode> method.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<geo_search>



=over 4

=item Parameters: lat, long, query, ip, granularity, accuracy, max_results, contained_within, attribute:street_address, callback

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Search for places that can be attached to a statuses/update. Given a latitude
and a longitude pair, an IP address, or a name, this request will return a list
of all the valid places that can be used as the place_id when updating a
status.

Conceptually, a query can be made from the user's location, retrieve a list of
places, have the user validate the location he or she is at, and then send the
ID of this location with a call to statuses/update.

This is the recommended method to use find places that can be attached to
statuses/update. Unlike geo/reverse_geocode which provides raw data access,
this endpoint can potentially re-order places with regards to the user who
is authenticated. This approach is also preferred for interactive place
matching with the user.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<get_configuration>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the current configuration used by Twitter including twitter.com slugs
which are not usernames, maximum photo resolutions, and t.co URL lengths.

It is recommended applications request this endpoint when they are loaded, but
no more than once a day.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<get_languages>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the list of languages supported by Twitter along with their ISO 639-1
code. The ISO 639-1 code is the two letter value to use if you include lang
with any of your requests.


Returns: ArrayRef[Lanugage]

=item B<get_list>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the specified list. Private lists will only be shown if the
authenticated user owns the specified list.


Returns: List

=item B<get_lists>


=item alias: list_lists


=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the lists of the specified (or authenticated) user. Private lists will
be included if the authenticated user is the same as the user whose lists are
being returned.


Returns: Hashref

=item B<get_privacy_policy>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns Twitter's privacy policy.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<get_tos>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the Twitter Terms of Service. These are not the same as the Developer
Rules of the Road.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<home_timeline>



=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page, skip_user, exclude_replies, contributor_details, include_rts, include_entities, trim_user, include_my_retweet

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent statuses, including retweets, posted by the
authenticating user and that user's friends. This is the equivalent of
/timeline/home on the Web.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<is_list_member>



=over 4

=item Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_status

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Check if the specified user is a member of the specified list. Returns the user or undef.


Returns: Maybe[User]

=item B<is_list_subscriber>


=item alias: is_subscribed_list


=over 4

=item Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_status

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Check if the specified user is a subscriber of the specified list. Returns the
user or undef.


Returns: Maybe[User]

=item B<list_members>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id, cursor, include_entities, skip_status

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the members of the specified list. Private list members will only be
shown if the authenticated user owns the specified list.


Returns: Hashref

=item B<list_memberships>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor, filter_to_owned_lists

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the lists the specified user has been added to. If user_id or
screen_name are not provided the memberships for the authenticating user are
returned.


Returns: Hashref

=item B<list_statuses>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id, since_id, max_id, per_page, page, include_entities, include_rts

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns tweet timeline for members of the specified list. Historically,
retweets were not available in list timeline responses but you can now use the
include_rts=true parameter to additionally receive retweet objects.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<list_subscribers>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id, cursor, include_entities, skip_status

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the subscribers of the specified list. Private list subscribers will
only be shown if the authenticated user owns the specified list.


Returns: Hashref

=item B<lookup_friendships>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the relationship of the authenticating user to the comma separated list
or ARRAY ref of up to 100 screen_names or user_ids provided. Values for
connections can be: following, following_requested, followed_by, none.
Requires authentication.


Returns: ArrayRef

=item B<lookup_users>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Return up to 100 users worth of extended information, specified by either ID,
screen name, or combination of the two. The author's most recent status (if the
authenticating user has permission) will be returned inline.  This method is
rate limited to 1000 calls per hour.

This method will accept user IDs or screen names as either a comma delimited
string, or as an ARRAY ref.  It will also accept arguments in the normal
HASHREF form or as a simple list of named arguments.  I.e., any of the
following forms are acceptable:

    $nt->lookup_users({ user_id => '1234,6543,3333' });
    $nt->lookup_users(user_id => '1234,6543,3333');
    $nt->lookup_users({ user_id => [ 1234, 6543, 3333 ] });
    $nt->lookup_users({ screen_name => 'fred,barney,wilma' });
    $nt->lookup_users(screen_name => ['fred', 'barney', 'wilma']);

    $nt->lookup_users(
        screen_name => ['fred', 'barney' ],
        user_id     => '4321,6789',
    );



Returns: ArrayRef[User]

=item B<members_create_all>


=item alias: add_list_members


=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Adds multiple members to a list, by specifying a reference to an array or a
comma-separated list of member ids or screen names. The authenticated user must
own the list to be able to add members to it. Note that lists can't have more
than 500 members, and you are limited to adding up to 100 members to a list at
a time with this method.


Returns: List

=item B<members_destroy_all>


=item alias: remove_list_members


=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Removes multiple members from a list, by specifying a reference to an array of
member ids or screen names, or a string of comma separated user ids or screen
names.  The authenticated user must own the list to be able to remove members
from it. Note that lists can't have more than 500 members, and you are limited
to removing up to 100 members to a list at a time with this method.

Please note that there can be issues with lists that rapidly remove and add
memberships. Take care when using these methods such that you are not too
rapidly switching between removals and adds on the same list.



Returns: List

=item B<mentions>


=item alias: replies


=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page, trim_user, include_rts, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent mentions (statuses containing @username) for the
authenticating user.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<new_direct_message>

=item B<new_direct_message(user, text)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user, text, screen_name, user_id, include_entities

=item Required: user, text

=back

Sends a new direct message to the specified user from the authenticating user.
Requires both the user and text parameters.  Returns the sent message when
successful.  In order to support numeric screen names, the C<screen_name> or
C<user_id> parameters may be used instead of C<user>.


Returns: DirectMessage

=item B<no_retweet_ids>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns an ARRAY ref of user IDs for which the authenticating user does not
want to receive retweets.


Returns: ArrayRef[UserIDs]

=item B<public_timeline>



=over 4

=item Parameters: skip_user, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent statuses from non-protected users who have
set a custom user icon.  Does not require authentication.  Note that
the public timeline is cached for 60 seconds so requesting it more
often than that is a waste of resources.

If user credentials are provided, C<public_timeline> calls are authenticated,
so they count against the authenticated user's rate limit.  Use C<<
->public_timeline({ authenticate => 0 }) >> to make an unauthenticated call
which will count against the calling IP address' rate limit, instead.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<rate_limit_status>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the remaining number of API requests available to the
authenticated user before the API limit is reached for the current hour.

Use C<< ->rate_limit_status({ authenticate => 0 }) >> to force an
unauthenticated call, which will return the status for the IP address rather
than the authenticated user. (Note: for a web application, this is the server's
IP address.)


Returns: RateLimitStatus

=item B<related_results>

=item B<related_results(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id

=item Required: id

=back

If available, returns an array of replies and mentions related to the specified
status. There is no guarantee there will be any replies or mentions in the
response. This method is only available to users who have access to
#newtwitter.  Requires authentication.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<report_spam>

=item B<report_spam(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

The user specified in the id is blocked by the authenticated user and reported as a spammer.


Returns: User

=item B<retweet>

=item B<retweet(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, include_entities, trim_user

=item Required: id

=back

Retweets a tweet. Requires the id parameter of the tweet you are retweeting.
Returns the original tweet with retweet details embedded.


Returns: Status

=item B<retweeted_by>

=item B<retweeted_by(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, count, page, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns up to 100 users who retweeted the status identified by C<id>.


Returns: ArrayRef[User]

=item B<retweeted_by_ids>

=item B<retweeted_by_ids(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, count, page, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns the IDs of up to 100 users who retweeted the status identified by C<id>.


Returns: ArrayRef[User]

=item B<retweeted_by_me>



=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent retweets posted by the authenticating user.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<retweeted_by_user>

=item B<retweeted_by_user(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name

=item Required: id

=back

Returns the 20 most recent retweets posted by the specified user. The user is
specified using the user_id or screen_name parameters. This method is identical
to C<retweeted_by_me> except you can choose the user to view.  Does not require
authentication, unless the user is protected.


Returns: ArrayRef

=item B<retweeted_to_me>



=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent retweets posted by the authenticating user's friends.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<retweeted_to_user>

=item B<retweeted_to_user(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name

=item Required: id

=back

Returns the 20 most recent retweets posted by users the specified user
follows. The user is specified using the user_id or screen_name
parameters. This method is identical to C<retweeted_to_me>
except you can choose the user to view.
Does not require authentication, unless the user is protected.


Returns: ArrayRef

=item B<retweets>

=item B<retweets(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, count, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns up to 100 of the first retweets of a given tweet.


Returns: Arrayref[Status]

=item B<retweets_of_me>


=item alias: retweeted_of_me


=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent tweets of the authenticated user that have been
retweeted by others.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<reverse_geocode>

=item B<reverse_geocode(lat, long)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: lat, long, accuracy, granularity, max_results

=item Required: lat, long

=back


Search for places (cities and neighborhoods) that can be attached to a
statuses/update.  Given a latitude and a longitude, return a list of all the
valid places that can be used as a place_id when updating a status.
Conceptually, a query can be made from the user's location, retrieve a list of
places, have the user validate the location he or she is at, and then send the
ID of this location up with a call to statuses/update.

There are multiple granularities of places that can be returned --
"neighborhoods", "cities", etc.  At this time, only United States data is
available through this method.

=over 4

=item lat

Required.  The latitude to query about.  Valid ranges are -90.0 to +90.0 (North
is positive) inclusive.

=item long

Required. The longitude to query about.  Valid ranges are -180.0 to +180.0
(East is positive) inclusive.

=item accuracy

Optional. A hint on the "region" in which to search.  If a number, then this is
a radius in meters, but it can also take a string that is suffixed with ft to
specify feet.  If this is not passed in, then it is assumed to be 0m.  If
coming from a device, in practice, this value is whatever accuracy the device
has measuring its location (whether it be coming from a GPS, WiFi
triangulation, etc.).

=item granularity

Optional.  The minimal granularity of data to return.  If this is not passed
in, then C<neighborhood> is assumed.  C<city> can also be passed.

=item max_results

Optional.  A hint as to the number of results to return.  This does not
guarantee that the number of results returned will equal max_results, but
instead informs how many "nearby" results to return.  Ideally, only pass in the
number of places you intend to display to the user here.

=back



Returns: HashRef

=item B<saved_searches>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the authenticated user's saved search queries.


Returns: ArrayRef[SavedSearch]

=item B<sent_direct_messages>



=over 4

=item Parameters: since_id, max_id, page, count, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns a list of the 20 most recent direct messages sent by the authenticating
user including detailed information about the sending and recipient users.


Returns: ArrayRef[DirectMessage]

=item B<show_direct_message>

=item B<show_direct_message(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns a single direct message, specified by an id parameter. Like
the C<direct_messages> request, this method will include the
user objects of the sender and recipient.  Requires authentication.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<show_friendship>

=item B<show_friendship(id)>


=item alias: show_relationship


=over 4

=item Parameters: source_id, source_screen_name, target_id, target_id_name

=item Required: id

=back

Returns detailed information about the relationship between two users.


Returns: Relationship

=item B<show_saved_search>

=item B<show_saved_search(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id

=item Required: id

=back

Retrieve the data for a saved search, by C<id>, owned by the authenticating user.


Returns: SavedSearch

=item B<show_status>

=item B<show_status(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns a single status, specified by the id parameter.  The
status's author will be returned inline.


Returns: Status

=item B<show_user>

=item B<show_user(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, screen_name, include_entities

=item Required: id

=back

Returns extended information of a given user, specified by ID or screen
name as per the required id parameter.  This information includes
design settings, so third party developers can theme their widgets
according to a given user's preferences. You must be properly
authenticated to request the page of a protected user.


Returns: ExtendedUser

=item B<similar_places>

=item B<similar_places(lat, long, name)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: lat, long, name, contained_within, attribute:street_address, callback

=item Required: lat, long, name

=back

Locates places near the given coordinates which are similar in name.

Conceptually you would use this method to get a list of known places to choose
from first. Then, if the desired place doesn't exist, make a request to
C<add_place> to create a new one.

The token contained in the response is the token needed to be able to create a
new place.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<subscribe_list>



=over 4

=item Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Subscribes the authenticated user to the specified list.


Returns: List

=item B<subscriptions>



=over 4

=item Parameters: user_id, screen_name, count, cursor

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Obtain a collection of the lists the specified user is subscribed to, 20 lists
per page by default. Does not include the user's own lists.


Returns: ArrayRef[List]

=item B<suggestion_categories>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the list of suggested user categories. The category slug can be used in
the C<user_suggestions> API method get the users in that category .  Does not
require authentication.


Returns: ArrayRef

=item B<test>



=over 4

=item Parameters: I<none>

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the string "ok" status code.


Returns: Str

=item B<trends_available>



=over 4

=item Parameters: lat, long

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the locations with trending topic information. The response is an
array of "locations" that encode the location's WOEID (a Yahoo!  Where On Earth
ID L<http://developer.yahoo.com/geo/geoplanet/>) and some other human-readable
information such as a the location's canonical name and country.

When the optional C<lat> and C<long> parameters are passed, the available trend
locations are sorted by distance from that location, nearest to farthest.

Use the WOEID returned in the location object to query trends for a specific
location.


Returns: ArrayRef[Location]

=item B<trends_current>

=item B<trends_current(exclude)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: exclude

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the current top ten trending topics on Twitter.  The response includes
the time of the request, the name of each trending topic, and query used on
Twitter Search results page for that topic.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<trends_daily>



=over 4

=item Parameters: date, exclude

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the top 20 trending topics for each hour in a given day.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<trends_location>

=item B<trends_location(woeid)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: woeid

=item Required: woeid

=back

Returns the top 10 trending topics for a specific location. The response is an
array of "trend" objects that encode the name of the trending topic, the query
parameter that can be used to search for the topic on Search, and the direct
URL that can be issued against Search.  This information is cached for five
minutes, and therefore users are discouraged from querying these endpoints
faster than once every five minutes.  Global trends information is also
available from this API by using a WOEID of 1.


Returns: ArrayRef[Trend]

=item B<trends_weekly>



=over 4

=item Parameters: date, exclude

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the top 30 trending topics for each day in a given week.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<unsubscribe_list>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Unsubscribes the authenticated user from the specified list.


Returns: List

=item B<update>

=item B<update(status)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: status, lat, long, place_id, display_coordinates, in_reply_to_status_id, trim_user, include_entities

=item Required: status

=back


Updates the authenticating user's status.  Requires the status parameter
specified.  A status update with text identical to the authenticating
user's current status will be ignored.

=over 4

=item status

Required.  The text of your status update. URL encode as necessary. Statuses
over 140 characters will cause a 403 error to be returned from the API.

=item in_reply_to_status_id

Optional. The ID of an existing status that the update is in reply to.  o Note:
This parameter will be ignored unless the author of the tweet this parameter
references is mentioned within the status text. Therefore, you must include
@username, where username is the author of the referenced tweet, within the
update.

=item lat

Optional. The location's latitude that this tweet refers to.  The valid ranges
for latitude is -90.0 to +90.0 (North is positive) inclusive.  This parameter
will be ignored if outside that range, if it is not a number, if geo_enabled is
disabled, or if there not a corresponding long parameter with this tweet.

=item long

Optional. The location's longitude that this tweet refers to.  The valid ranges
for longitude is -180.0 to +180.0 (East is positive) inclusive.  This parameter
will be ignored if outside that range, if it is not a number, if geo_enabled is
disabled, or if there not a corresponding lat parameter with this tweet.

=item place_id

Optional. The place to attach to this status update.  Valid place_ids can be
found by querying C<reverse_geocode>.

=item display_coordinates

Optional. By default, geo-tweets will have their coordinates exposed in the
status object (to remain backwards compatible with existing API applications).
To turn off the display of the precise latitude and longitude (but keep the
contextual location information), pass C<display_coordinates => 0> on the
status update.

=back



Returns: Status

=item B<update_delivery_device>

=item B<update_delivery_device(device)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: device

=item Required: device

=back

Sets which device Twitter delivers updates to for the authenticating
user.  Sending none as the device parameter will disable IM or SMS
updates.


Returns: BasicUser

=item B<update_friendship>

=item B<update_friendship(id)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, device, retweets

=item Required: id

=back

Allows you enable or disable retweets and device notifications from the
specified user. All other values are assumed to be false.  Requires
authentication.


Returns: HashRef

=item B<update_list>



=over 4

=item Parameters: list_id, slug, name, mode, description, owner_screen_name, owner_id

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Updates the specified list. The authenticated user must own the list to be able
to update it.


Returns: List

=item B<update_profile>



=over 4

=item Parameters: name, email, url, location, description, include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Sets values that users are able to set under the "Account" tab of their
settings page. Only the parameters specified will be updated; to only
update the "name" attribute, for example, only include that parameter
in your request.


Returns: ExtendedUser

=item B<update_profile_background_image>

=item B<update_profile_background_image(image)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: image, use

=item Required: image

=back

Updates the authenticating user's profile background image. The C<image>
parameter must be an arrayref with the same interpretation as the C<image>
parameter in the C<update_profile_image> method.  The C<use> parameter allows
you to specify whether to use the  uploaded profile background or not. See
that method's documentation for details.


Returns: ExtendedUser

=item B<update_profile_colors>



=over 4

=item Parameters: profile_background_color, profile_text_color, profile_link_color, profile_sidebar_fill_color, profile_sidebar_border_color

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Sets one or more hex values that control the color scheme of the
authenticating user's profile page on twitter.com.  These values are
also returned in the /users/show API method.


Returns: ExtendedUser

=item B<update_profile_image>

=item B<update_profile_image(image)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: image

=item Required: image

=back

Updates the authenticating user's profile image.  The C<image> parameter is an
arrayref with the following interpretation:

  [ $file ]
  [ $file, $filename ]
  [ $file, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type ]
  [ undef, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type, Content => $raw_image_data ]

The first value of the array (C<$file>) is the name of a file to open.  The
second value (C<$filename>) is the name given to Twitter for the file.  If
C<$filename> is not provided, the basename portion of C<$file> is used.  If
C<$mime_type> is not provided, it will be provided automatically using
L<LWP::MediaTypes::guess_media_type()>.

C<$raw_image_data> can be provided, rather than opening a file, by passing
C<undef> as the first array value.


Returns: ExtendedUser

=item B<update_with_media>

=item B<update_with_media(status, media)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: status, media[], possibly_sensitive, in_reply_to_status_id, lat, long, place_id, display_coordinates

=item Required: status, media

=back

Updates the authenticating user's status and attaches media for upload.

The C<media[]> parameter is an arrayref with the following interpretation:

  [ $file ]
  [ $file, $filename ]
  [ $file, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type ]
  [ undef, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type, Content => $raw_image_data ]

The first value of the array (C<$file>) is the name of a file to open.  The
second value (C<$filename>) is the name given to Twitter for the file.  If
C<$filename> is not provided, the basename portion of C<$file> is used.  If
C<$mime_type> is not provided, it will be provided automatically using
L<LWP::MediaTypes::guess_media_type()>.

C<$raw_image_data> can be provided, rather than opening a file, by passing
C<undef> as the first array value.

The Tweet text will be rewritten to include the media URL(s), which will reduce
the number of characters allowed in the Tweet text. If the URL(s) cannot be
appended without text truncation, the tweet will be rejected and this method
will return an HTTP 403 error.


Returns: Status

=item B<user_suggestions>

=item B<user_suggestions(category)>


=item alias: follow_suggestions


=over 4

=item Parameters: category, lang

=item Required: category

=back

Access the users in a given category of the Twitter suggested user list and
return their most recent status if they are not a protected user. Currently
supported values for optional parameter C<lang> are C<en>, C<fr>, C<de>, C<es>,
C<it>.  Does not require authentication.


Returns: ArrayRef

=item B<user_timeline>



=over 4

=item Parameters: id, user_id, screen_name, since_id, max_id, count, page, skip_user, trim_user, include_entities, include_rts

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns the 20 most recent statuses posted from the authenticating
user. It's also possible to request another user's timeline via the id
parameter. This is the equivalent of the Web /archive page for
your own user, or the profile page for a third party.


Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

=item B<users_search>

=item B<users_search(q)>


=item alias: find_people

=item alias: search_users


=over 4

=item Parameters: q, per_page, page, include_entities

=item Required: q

=back

Run a search for users similar to Find People button on Twitter.com; the same
results returned by people search on Twitter.com will be returned by using this
API (about being listed in the People Search).  It is only possible to retrieve
the first 1000 matches from this API.


Returns: ArrayRef[Users]

=item B<verify_credentials>

=item B<verify_credentials(include_entities)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: include_entities

=item Required: I<none>

=back

Returns an HTTP 200 OK response code and a representation of the
requesting user if authentication was successful; returns a 401 status
code and an error message if not.  Use this method to test if supplied
user credentials are valid.


Returns: ExtendedUser


=back



=head1 Search API Methods



=over 4

=item B<search>

=item B<search(q)>



=over 4

=item Parameters: q, callback, lang, locale, rpp, page, since_id, until, geocode, show_user, result_type

=item Required: q

=back

Returns a HASH reference with some meta-data about the query including the
C<next_page>, C<refresh_url>, and C<max_id>. The statuses are returned in
C<results>.  To iterate over the results, use something similar to:

    my $r = $nt->search($searh_term);
    for my $status ( @{$r->{results}} ) {
        print "$status->{text}\n";
    }


Returns: HashRef


=back



=head1 ERROR HANDLING

When C<Net::Twitter::Lite> encounters a Twitter API error or a network error, it
throws a C<Net::Twitter::Lite::Error> object.  You can catch and process these
exceptions by using C<eval> blocks and testing $@:

    eval {
        my $statuses = $nt->friends_timeline(); # this might die!

        for my $status ( @$statuses ) {
            #...
        }
    };
    if ( $@ ) {
        # friends_timeline encountered an error

        if ( blessed $@ && $@->isa('Net::Twitter::Lite::Error' ) {
            #... use the thrown error obj
            warn $@->error;
        }
        else {
            # something bad happened!
            die $@;
        }
    }

C<Net::Twitter::Lite::Error> stringifies to something reasonable, so if you don't need
detailed error information, you can simply treat $@ as a string:

    eval { $nt->update($status) };
    if ( $@ ) {
        warn "update failed because: $@\n";
    }


=head1 AUTHENTICATION

Net::Twitter::Lite currently supports both Basic Authentication and OAuth.  The
choice of authentication strategies is determined by the options passed to
C<new> or the use of the C<credentials> method.  An error will be thrown if
options for both strategies are provided.

=head2 BASIC AUTHENTICATION

To use Basic Authentication, pass the C<username> and C<password> options to
C<new>, or call C<credentials> to set them.  When Basic Authentication is used,
the C<Authorization> header is set on each authenticated API call.

=head2 OAUTH AUTHENTICATION

To use OAuth authentication, pass the C<consumer_key> and C<consumer_secret> options to new.

L<Net::OAuth::Simple> must be installed in order to use OAuth and an error will
be thrown if OAuth is attempted without it.  Net::Twitter::Lite does not
I<require> Net::OAuth::Simple, making OAuth an optional feature.

=head2 OAUTH EXAMPLES

See the C<examples> directory included in this distribution for full working
examples using OAuth.

Here's how to authorize users as a desktop app mode:

  use Net::Twitter::Lite;

  my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(
      consumer_key    => "YOUR-CONSUMER-KEY",
      consumer_secret => "YOUR-CONSUMER-SECRET",
  );

  # You'll save the token and secret in cookie, config file or session database
  my($access_token, $access_token_secret) = restore_tokens();
  if ($access_token && $access_token_secret) {
      $nt->access_token($access_token);
      $nt->access_token_secret($access_token_secret);
  }

  unless ( $nt->authorized ) {
      # The client is not yet authorized: Do it now
      print "Authorize this app at ", $nt->get_authorization_url, " and enter the PIN#\n";

      my $pin = <STDIN>; # wait for input
      chomp $pin;

      my($access_token, $access_token_secret, $user_id, $screen_name) =
          $nt->request_access_token(verifier => $pin);
      save_tokens($access_token, $access_token_secret); # if necessary
  }

  # Everything's ready

In a web application mode, you need to save the oauth_token and
oauth_token_secret somewhere when you redirect the user to the OAuth
authorization URL.

  sub twitter_authorize : Local {
      my($self, $c) = @_;

      my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(%param);
      my $url = $nt->get_authorization_url(callback => $callbackurl);

      $c->response->cookies->{oauth} = {
          value => {
              token => $nt->request_token,
              token_secret => $nt->request_token_secret,
          },
      };

      $c->response->redirect($url);
  }

And when the user returns back, you'll reset those request token and
secret to upgrade the request token to access token.

  sub twitter_auth_callback : Local {
      my($self, $c) = @_;

      my %cookie = $c->request->cookies->{oauth}->value;

      my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(%param);
      $nt->request_token($cookie{token});
      $nt->request_token_secret($cookie{token_secret});
      my $verifier = $c->req->param->{oauth_verifier};

      my($access_token, $access_token_secret, $user_id, $screen_name) =
          $nt->request_access_token(verifier => $verifier);

      # Save $access_token and $access_token_secret in the database associated with $c->user
  }

Later on, you can retrieve and reset those access token and secret
before calling any Twitter API methods.

  sub make_tweet : Local {
      my($self, $c) = @_;

      my($access_token, $access_token_secret) = ...;

      my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite->new(%param);
      $nt->access_token($access_token);
      $nt->access_token_secret($access_token_secret);

      # Now you can call any Net::Twitter::Lite API methods on $nt
      my $status = $c->req->param('status');
      my $res = $nt->update({ status => $status });
  }

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over 4

=item L<Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1>

With support for Twitter API v1.1

=item L<Net::Twitter::Lite::Error>

The C<Net::Twitter::Lite> exception object.

=item L<http://apiwiki.twitter.com/Twitter-API-Documentation>

This is the official Twitter API documentation. It describes the methods and their
parameters in more detail and may be more current than the documentation provided
with this module.

=item L<LWP::UserAgent::POE>

This LWP::UserAgent compatible class can be used in L<POE> based application
along with Net::Twitter::Lite to provide concurrent, non-blocking requests.

=back

=head1 SUPPORT

Please report bugs to C<bug-net-twitter@rt.cpan.org>, or through the web
interface at L<https://rt.cpan.org/Dist/Display.html?Queue=Net-Twitter>.

Join the Net::Twitter IRC channel at L<irc://irc.perl.org/net-twitter>.

Follow perl_api: L<http://twitter.com/perl_api>.

Track Net::Twitter::Lite development at L<http://github.com/semifor/net-twitter-lite>.

=head1 AUTHOR

Marc Mims <marc@questright.com>

=head1 CONTRIBUTORS

Chris Page <chris@starforge.co.uk>

=head1 LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2013 Marc Mims

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=for Pod::Coverage build_api_methods twitter_api_def_from

=cut