package Mojolicious::Renderer;
use Mojo::Base -base;

use Mojo::Cache;
use Mojo::DynamicMethods;
use Mojo::File qw(curfile path);
use Mojo::JSON qw(encode_json);
use Mojo::Loader qw(data_section);
use Mojo::Util qw(decamelize encode gzip md5_sum monkey_patch);

has cache   => sub { Mojo::Cache->new };
has classes => sub { ['main'] };
has [qw(compress default_handler)];
has default_format         => 'html';
has encoding               => 'UTF-8';
has [qw(handlers helpers)] => sub { {} };
has min_compress_size      => 860;
has paths                  => sub { [] };

# Bundled templates
my $TEMPLATES = curfile->sibling('resources', 'templates');

sub DESTROY { Mojo::Util::_teardown($_) for @{shift->{namespaces}} }

sub accepts {
  my ($self, $c) = (shift, shift);

  # List representations
  my $req  = $c->req;
  my $fmt  = $req->param('format') || $c->stash->{format};
  my @exts = $fmt ? ($fmt) : ();
  push @exts, @{$c->app->types->detect($req->headers->accept)};
  return \@exts unless @_;

  # Find best representation
  for my $ext (@exts) { $ext eq $_ and return $ext for @_ }
  return @exts ? undef : shift;
}

sub add_handler { $_[0]->handlers->{$_[1]} = $_[2] and return $_[0] }

sub add_helper {
  my ($self, $name, $cb) = @_;

  $self->helpers->{$name} = $cb;
  delete $self->{proxy};
  $cb = $self->get_helper($name) if $name =~ s/\..*$//;
  Mojo::DynamicMethods::register $_, $self, $name, $cb for qw(Mojolicious Mojolicious::Controller);

  return $self;
}

sub get_data_template {
  my ($self, $options) = @_;
  return undef unless my $template = $self->template_name($options);
  return data_section $self->{index}{$template}, $template;
}

sub get_helper {
  my ($self, $name) = @_;

  if (my $h = $self->{proxy}{$name} || $self->helpers->{$name}) { return $h }

  my $found;
  my $class = 'Mojolicious::Renderer::Helpers::' . md5_sum "$name:$self";
  my $re    = length $name ? qr/^(\Q$name\E\.([^.]+))/ : qr/^(([^.]+))/;
  for my $key (keys %{$self->helpers}) {
    $key =~ $re ? ($found, my $method) = (1, $2) : next;
    my $sub = $self->get_helper($1);
    monkey_patch $class, $method => sub { ${shift()}->$sub(@_) };
  }

  $found ? push @{$self->{namespaces}}, $class : return undef;
  return $self->{proxy}{$name} = sub { bless \(my $dummy = shift), $class };
}

sub render {
  my ($self, $c) = @_;

  my $stash   = $c->stash;
  my $options = {
    encoding => $self->encoding,
    handler  => $stash->{handler},
    template => delete $stash->{template},
    variant  => $stash->{variant}
  };
  my $inline = $options->{inline} = delete $stash->{inline};
  $options->{handler} //= $self->default_handler if defined $inline;
  $options->{format} = $stash->{format} || $self->default_format;

  # Data
  return delete $stash->{data}, $options->{format} if defined $stash->{data};

  # Text
  return _maybe($options->{encoding}, delete $stash->{text}), $options->{format} if defined $stash->{text};

  # JSON
  return encode_json(delete $stash->{json}), 'json' if exists $stash->{json};

  # Template or templateless handler
  $options->{template} //= $self->template_for($c);
  return () unless $self->_render_template($c, \my $output, $options);

  # Inheritance
  my $content = $stash->{'mojo.content'} ||= {};
  local $content->{content} = $output =~ /\S/ ? $output : undef if $stash->{extends} || $stash->{layout};
  while ((my $next = _next($stash)) && !defined $inline) {
    @$options{qw(handler template)} = ($stash->{handler}, $next);
    $options->{format} = $stash->{format} || $self->default_format;
    if ($self->_render_template($c, \my $tmp, $options)) { $output = $tmp }
    $content->{content} //= $output if $output =~ /\S/;
  }

  return $output if $stash->{'mojo.string'};
  return _maybe($options->{encoding}, $output), $options->{format};
}

sub respond {
  my ($self, $c, $output, $format, $status) = @_;

  # Gzip compression
  my $res = $c->res;
  if ($self->compress && length($output) >= $self->min_compress_size) {
    my $headers = $res->headers;
    $headers->append(Vary => 'Accept-Encoding');
    my $gzip = ($c->req->headers->accept_encoding // '') =~ /gzip/i;
    if ($gzip && !$headers->content_encoding) {
      $headers->content_encoding('gzip');
      $output = gzip $output;
    }
  }

  $res->body($output);
  $c->app->types->content_type($c, {ext => $format});
  return !!$c->rendered($status);
}

sub template_for {
  my ($self, $c) = @_;

  # Normal default template
  my $stash = $c->stash;
  my ($controller, $action) = @$stash{qw(controller action)};
  return join '/', split('-', decamelize $controller), $action if $controller && $action;

  # Try the route name if we don't have controller and action
  return undef unless my $route = $c->match->endpoint;
  return $route->name;
}

sub template_handler {
  my ($self, $options) = @_;
  return undef                  unless my $file     = $self->template_name($options);
  return $self->default_handler unless my $handlers = $self->{templates}{$file};
  return $handlers->[0];
}

sub template_name {
  my ($self, $options) = @_;

  return undef unless defined(my $template = $options->{template});
  return undef unless my $format = $options->{format};
  $template .= ".$format";

  $self->warmup unless $self->{templates};

  # Variants
  my $handler = $options->{handler};
  if (defined(my $variant = $options->{variant})) {
    $variant = "$template+$variant";
    my $handlers = $self->{templates}{$variant} // [];
    $template = $variant if @$handlers && !defined $handler || grep { $_ eq $handler } @$handlers;
  }

  return defined $handler ? "$template.$handler" : $template;
}

sub template_path {
  my ($self, $options) = @_;
  return undef unless my $name = $self->template_name($options);
  my @parts = split '/', $name;
  -r and return $_ for map { path($_, @parts)->to_string } @{$self->paths}, $TEMPLATES;
  return undef;
}

sub warmup {
  my $self = shift;

  my ($index, $templates) = @$self{qw(index templates)} = ({}, {});

  # Handlers for templates
  for my $path (@{$self->paths}, $TEMPLATES) {
    s/\.(\w+)$// and push @{$templates->{$_}}, $1
      for path($path)->list_tree->map(sub { join '/', @{$_->to_rel($path)} })->each;
  }

  # Handlers and classes for DATA templates
  for my $class (reverse @{$self->classes}) {
    $index->{$_} = $class for my @keys = sort keys %{data_section $class};
    s/\.(\w+)$// and unshift @{$templates->{$_}}, $1 for reverse @keys;
  }
}

sub _maybe { $_[0] ? encode @_ : $_[1] }

sub _next {
  my $stash = shift;
  return delete $stash->{extends} if $stash->{extends};
  return undef unless my $layout = delete $stash->{layout};
  return join '/', 'layouts', $layout;
}

sub _render_template {
  my ($self, $c, $output, $options) = @_;

  my $handler = $options->{handler} ||= $self->template_handler($options);
  return undef unless $handler;
  $c->helpers->log->error(qq{No handler for "$handler" found}) and return undef
    unless my $renderer = $self->handlers->{$handler};

  $renderer->($self, $c, $output, $options);
  return 1 if defined $$output;
}

1;

=encoding utf8

=head1 NAME

Mojolicious::Renderer - Generate dynamic content

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Mojolicious::Renderer;

  my $renderer = Mojolicious::Renderer->new;
  push @{$renderer->classes}, 'MyApp::Controller::Foo';
  push @{$renderer->paths}, '/home/sri/templates';

=head1 DESCRIPTION

L<Mojolicious::Renderer> is the standard L<Mojolicious> renderer.

See L<Mojolicious::Guides::Rendering> for more.

=head1 ATTRIBUTES

L<Mojolicious::Renderer> implements the following attributes.

=head2 cache

  my $cache = $renderer->cache;
  $renderer = $renderer->cache(Mojo::Cache->new);

Renderer cache, defaults to a L<Mojo::Cache> object.

=head2 classes

  my $classes = $renderer->classes;
  $renderer   = $renderer->classes(['main']);

Classes to use for finding templates in C<DATA> sections with L<Mojo::Loader>, first one has the highest precedence,
defaults to C<main>. Only files with exactly two extensions will be used, like C<index.html.ep>. Note that for
templates to be detected, these classes need to have already been loaded and added before L</"warmup"> is called, which
usually happens automatically during application startup.

  # Add another class with templates in DATA section
  push @{$renderer->classes}, 'Mojolicious::Plugin::Fun';

  # Add another class with templates in DATA section and higher precedence
  unshift @{$renderer->classes}, 'Mojolicious::Plugin::MoreFun';

=head2 compress

  my $bool  = $renderer->compress;
  $renderer = $renderer->compress($bool);

Try to negotiate compression for dynamically generated response content and C<gzip> compress it automatically, defaults
to false.

=head2 default_format

  my $default = $renderer->default_format;
  $renderer   = $renderer->default_format('html');

The default format to render if C<format> is not set in the stash, defaults to C<html>. Note that changing the default
away from C<html> is not recommended, as it has the potential to break, for example, plugins with bundled templates.

=head2 default_handler

  my $default = $renderer->default_handler;
  $renderer   = $renderer->default_handler('ep');

The default template handler to use for rendering in cases where auto-detection doesn't work, like for C<inline>
templates.

=head2 encoding

  my $encoding = $renderer->encoding;
  $renderer    = $renderer->encoding('koi8-r');

Will encode generated content if set, defaults to C<UTF-8>. Note that many renderers such as
L<Mojolicious::Plugin::EPRenderer> also use this value to determine if template files should be decoded before
processing.

=head2 handlers

  my $handlers = $renderer->handlers;
  $renderer    = $renderer->handlers({epl => sub {...}});

Registered handlers.

=head2 helpers

  my $helpers = $renderer->helpers;
  $renderer   = $renderer->helpers({url_for => sub {...}});

Registered helpers.

=head2 min_compress_size

  my $size  = $renderer->min_compress_size;
  $renderer = $renderer->min_compress_size(1024);

Minimum output size in bytes required for compression to be used if enabled, defaults to C<860>.

=head2 paths

  my $paths = $renderer->paths;
  $renderer = $renderer->paths(['/home/sri/templates']);

Directories to look for templates in, first one has the highest precedence.

  # Add another "templates" directory
  push @{$renderer->paths}, '/home/sri/templates';

  # Add another "templates" directory with higher precedence
  unshift @{$renderer->paths}, '/home/sri/themes/blue/templates';

=head1 METHODS

L<Mojolicious::Renderer> inherits all methods from L<Mojo::Base> and implements the following new ones.

=head2 accepts

  my $all  = $renderer->accepts(Mojolicious::Controller->new);
  my $best = $renderer->accepts(Mojolicious::Controller->new, 'html', 'json');

Select best possible representation for L<Mojolicious::Controller> object from C<format> C<GET>/C<POST> parameter,
C<format> stash value, or C<Accept> request header, defaults to returning the first extension if no preference could be
detected.

=head2 add_handler

  $renderer = $renderer->add_handler(epl => sub {...});

Register a handler.

  $renderer->add_handler(foo => sub ($renderer, $c, $output, $options) {
    ...
    $$output = 'Hello World!';
  });

=head2 add_helper

  $renderer = $renderer->add_helper(url_for => sub {...});

Register a helper.

  $renderer->add_helper(foo => sub ($c, @args) {
    ...
  });

=head2 get_data_template

  my $template = $renderer->get_data_template({
    template       => 'foo/bar',
    format         => 'html',
    handler        => 'epl'
  });

Return a C<DATA> section template from L</"classes"> for an options hash reference with C<template>, C<format>,
C<variant> and C<handler> values, or C<undef> if no template could be found, usually used by handlers.

=head2 get_helper

  my $helper = $renderer->get_helper('url_for');

Get a helper by full name, generate a helper dynamically for a prefix, or return C<undef> if no helper or prefix could
be found. Generated helpers return a proxy object containing the current controller object and on which nested helpers
can be called.

=head2 render

  my ($output, $format) = $renderer->render(Mojolicious::Controller->new);

Render output through one of the renderers. See L<Mojolicious::Controller/"render"> for a more user-friendly interface.

=head2 respond

  my $bool = $renderer->respond(Mojolicious::Controller->new, $output, $format);
  my $bool = $renderer->respond(
    Mojolicious::Controller->new, $output, $format, $status);

Finalize dynamically generated response content and L</"compress"> it if possible.

=head2 template_for

  my $name = $renderer->template_for(Mojolicious::Controller->new);

Return default template name for L<Mojolicious::Controller> object, or C<undef> if no name could be generated.

=head2 template_handler

  my $handler = $renderer->template_handler({
    template => 'foo/bar',
    format   => 'html'
  });

Return handler for an options hash reference with C<template>, C<format> and C<variant> values, or C<undef> if no
handler could be found.

=head2 template_name

  my $template = $renderer->template_name({
    template => 'foo/bar',
    format   => 'html',
    handler  => 'epl'
  });

Return a template name for an options hash reference with C<template>, C<format>, C<variant> and C<handler> values, or
C<undef> if no template could be found, usually used by handlers.

=head2 template_path

  my $path = $renderer->template_path({
    template => 'foo/bar',
    format   => 'html',
    handler  => 'epl'
  });

Return the full template path for an options hash reference with C<template>, C<format>, C<variant> and C<handler>
values, or C<undef> if the file does not exist in L</"paths">, usually used by handlers.

=head2 warmup

  $renderer->warmup;

Prepare templates from L</"classes"> for future use.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Mojolicious>, L<Mojolicious::Guides>, L<https://mojolicious.org>.

=cut