package HTTP::Session2;
use 5.008005;
use strict;
use warnings;

our $VERSION = "1.10";


=for stopwords checkbox

=encoding utf-8

=head1 NAME

HTTP::Session2 - HTTP session management


    package MyApp;
    use HTTP::Session2;

    my $cipher = Crypt::CBC->new(
            key    => 'abcdefghijklmnop',
            cipher => 'Rijndael',
    sub session {
        my $self = shift;
        if (!exists $self->{session}) {
            $self->{session} = HTTP::Session2::ClientStore2->new(
                env => $env,
                secret => 'very long secret string'
                cipher => $cipher,

        AFTER_DISPATCH => sub {
            my ($c, $res) = @_;
            if ($c->{session}) {


HTTP::Session2 is yet another HTTP session data management library.


Alpha. Any API will change without notice.


We need a thrifty session management library.

=head1 What's different from HTTP::Session 1?

=head2 Generate XSRF protection token by session management library

Most of web application needs XSRF protection library.

tokuhirom guess XSRF token is closely related with session management.

=head2 Dropped StickyQuery support

In Japan, old DoCoMo's phone does not support cookie.
Then, we need to support query parameter based session management.

But today, Japanese people are using smart phone :)
We don't have to support legacy phones on new project.

=head1 Automatic XSRF token sending.

This is an example code for filling XSRF token.
This code requires jQuery.

    $(function () {
        "use strict";

        var xsrf_token = getXSRFToken();
        $("form").each(function () {
            var form = $(this);
            var method = form.attr('method');
            if (method === 'get' || method === 'GET') {

            var input = $(document.createElement('input'));
            input.attr('type',  'hidden');
            input.attr('name',  'XSRF-TOKEN');
            input.attr('value',  xsrf_token);

        function getXSRFToken() {
            var cookies = document.cookie.split(/\s*;\s*/);
            for (var i=0,l=cookies.length; i<l; i++) {
                var matched = cookies[i].match(/^XSRF-TOKEN=(.*)$/);
                if (matched) {
                    return matched[1];
            return undefined;

=head1 Validate XSRF token in your application

You need to call XSRF validator.

        BEFORE_DISPATCH => sub {
            my $c = shift;
            my $req = $c->req;

            if ($req->method ne 'GET' && $req->method ne 'HEAD') {
                my $xsrf_token = $req->header('X-XSRF-TOKEN') || $req->param('xsrf-token');
                unless ($session->validate_xsrf_token($xsrf_token)) {
                    return [
                        ['XSRF detected'],

=head1 pros/cons for ServerStore/ClientStore2

=head2 ServerStore

=head3 pros

=over 4

=item It was used well.

=item User can't see anything.

=item You can store large data in session.


=head3 cons

=over 4

=item Setup is hard.

You need to setup some configuration for your application.


=head2 ClientStore2

=head3 pros

=over 4

=item You don't need to store anything on your server

It makes easy to setup your server environment.

=item Less server side disk

It helps your wallet.


=head3 cons

=over 4

=item Security

I hope this module is secure. Because the data was signed by HMAC. But security thing is hard.

=item Bandwidth

If you store the large data to the session, your session data is send to the server per every request.
It may hits band-width issue. If you are writing high traffic web site, you should use server side store.

=item Capacity

Cookies are usually limited to 4096 bytes. You can't store large data to the session.
You should care the cookie size, or checking cookie size by the Plack::Middleware layer.

Ref. L<RFC2965|>


=head1 FAQ

=over 4

=item How can I implement "Keep me signed in" checkbox?

You can implement it like following:

    sub dispatch_login {
        my $c = shift;
        if ($c->request->parameters->{'keep_me_signed_in'}) {
            $c->session->session_cookie->{expires} = '+1M';
        my $user = User->login($c->request->parameters);
        $c->session->set('user_id' => $user->id);


=head1 LICENSE

Copyright (C) tokuhirom.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=head1 AUTHOR

tokuhirom E<lt>tokuhirom@gmail.comE<gt>