#!/usr/bin/env perl
# ABSTRACT: analyze several HTML documents based on the same template
# PODNAME: untemplate
use 5.010;
use strict;
use utf8::all;
use warnings qw(all);

use Carp qw(croak);
use File::Basename;
use File::Temp;
use Getopt::Long;
use HTML::Linear;
use IO::Interactive qw(is_interactive);
use Class::Load qw(try_load_class);
use Pod::Usage;
use Term::ANSIColor qw(:constants);
use Tie::IxHash;

## no critic (ProhibitDeepNests, ProhibitPackageVars)

our $VERSION = '0.019'; # VERSION


GetOptions(
    q(help)         => \my $help,
    q(color!)       => \my $color,
    q(16)           => \my $sixteen,
    q(html!)        => \my $html,
    q(encoding=s)   => \my $encoding,
    q(partial!)     => \my $partial,
    q(shrink!)      => \my $shrink,
    q(strict!)      => \my $strict,
    q(unmangle=s)   => \my @unmangle,
) or pod2usage(q(-verbose) => 1);
pod2usage(q(-verbose) => 1)
    if $help or $#ARGV < 1;

$color //= is_interactive(*STDOUT);

if ($html) {
    (%HTML::Linear::Path::xpath_wrap) = (%{$HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::scheme{html}});
    $color = 0;
    print $HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::html[0];
} elsif ($color) {
    (%HTML::Linear::Path::xpath_wrap) = (%{$HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::scheme{($sixteen // 0) ? q(terminal) : q(terminal256)}});
    $html = 0;
}

try_load_class('YADA')
    and fetch_documents();

tie my %elem, 'Tie::IxHash';
parse_files(\%elem);

tie my %xpath, 'Tie::IxHash';
build_xpath(\%elem, \%xpath);

for my $xpath (keys %xpath) {
    dump_diffs($xpath, \%xpath);
}

print $HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::html[1]
    if $html;

sub fetch_documents {
    my (@local, @remote);
    for (@ARGV) {
        if (m{^https?://}x) {
            push @remote, $_;
        } else {
            push @local, $_;
        }
    }
    return unless @remote;

    ## no critic (RequireLocalizedPunctuationVars)
    @ARGV = @local;

    my $q = YADA->new;
    for (@remote) {
        my $tmp = File::Temp->new(
            SUFFIX      => '.html',
            TEMPLATE    => 'doc-XXXX',
            TMPDIR      => 1,
        );
        $q->append(sub {
            YADA::Worker->new({
                initial_url => $_,
                on_init     => sub {
                    $_[0]->setopt(writedata => $tmp);
                },
                on_finish   => sub {
                    $tmp->flush;
                    push @ARGV, $tmp unless $_[0]->has_error;
                },
            })
        });
    }
    $q->wait;
    return;
}

sub parse_files {
    my ($elem) = @_;
    for my $file (@ARGV) {
        my $hl = HTML::Linear->new;

        $hl->set_shrink
            if $shrink // 1;

        $hl->set_strict
            if $strict // 0;

        open(my $fh, '<:' . ($encoding ? "encoding($encoding)" : 'utf8' ), $file)
            or croak "Can't open $file: $!";
        $hl->parse_file($fh);
        close $fh;

        push @{$elem->{$_}}, [ $_ => basename($file) ]
            for $hl->as_list;
    }
    return;
}

sub build_xpath {
    my ($elem, $xpath) = @_;
    while (my ($key, $list) = each %$elem) {
        for (@{$list}) {
            my ($el, $file) = @{$_};

            if (@unmangle) {
                for my $path (@{$el->path}) {
                    for my $attr (keys %{$path->attributes}) {
                        ## no critic (ProtectPrivateSubs)
                        next unless HTML::Linear::Path::_isgroup($el->path->[-1], $attr);
                        for my $unmangle (@unmangle) {
                            $path->attributes->{$attr} =~ s/$unmangle//x;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            my $hash = $el->as_hash;
            ++$xpath->{$_}->{$hash->{$_}}{$file}
                for keys %{$hash};
        }
    }
    return;
}

sub dump_diffs {
    my ($xpath, $xpath_ref) = @_;

    my %file;
    my $m = 0;
    my $n = 0;
    for my $p (keys %{$xpath_ref->{$xpath}}) {
        for my $q (keys %{$xpath_ref->{$xpath}->{$p}}) {
            push @{$file{$q}}, $p;
            ++$m;
        }
        ++$n;
    }

    my $flag = 0;
    $flag = 1
        if $n == $m / scalar @ARGV;
    $flag = 1
        if
            not ($partial // 0)
            and scalar keys %file != scalar @ARGV;
    return if $flag;

    if (1 < scalar keys %file) {
        if ($html) {
            say '<tr><td colspan="2">' . HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::wrap_xpath($xpath) . '</td></tr>';
        } else {
            say $xpath;
        }

        for my $file (sort keys %file) {
            for (@{$file{$file}}) {
                if ($html) {
                    say '<tr><td><span class="doc">' . $file . '</span></td><td>'
                        . HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::wrap_content($_, 1)
                        . '</td></tr>';
                } else {
                    if ($color) {
                        print GREEN . $file . RESET;
                        $_ = HTML::Linear::Path::Colors::wrap_content($_);
                    } else {
                        print $file;
                    }
                    say "\t${_}";
                }
            }
        }

        if ($html) {
            say '<tr><td colspan="2" class="spacer"></td></tr>';
        } else {
            say '';
        }
    }

    return;
}

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

untemplate - analyze several HTML documents based on the same template

=head1 VERSION

version 0.019

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    untemplate [options] HTML1 HTML2 [HTML3] [...]

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Takes multiple HTML documents generated using the same template and attempts to extract only the data inserted into original template.

Accepts URL if L<AnyEvent::Net::Curl::Queued> is present.

=head1 OPTIONS

=over 4

=item --help

This.

=item --encoding=name

Specify the HTML document encoding (C<latin1>, C<utf8>).
UTF-8 is assumed by default.

=item --[no]color

Enable syntax highlight for XPath.
By default, enabled automatically on interactive terminals.

=item --16

Use 16 system colors.
By default, try to use 256-color ANSI palette.

=item --[no]html

Disables the C<--color> option and highlights using HTML/CSS.

=item --[no]partial

Enable the display of "partial" templates, that is, nodes present in B<some> documents.
By default, only the nodes present in B<all> documents are displayed.

=item --[no]shrink

Shrink the XPath to the minimal unique identifier.
For example:

    /html/body[@id='cpansearch']/form[@class='searchbox']/input[@name='query']

Could be shortened as:

    //input[@name='query']

The shrinking is enabled by default.

=item --[no]strict

Strict mode disables grouping by C<id>, C<class> or C<name> attributes.
The grouping is enabled by default.

=item --unmangle=regex

Specify regex(es) to unmangle C<id>/C<class> attributes.
Some CMS (WordPress) insert unique identifiers into HTML elements, like:

    <body class="post-id-12345">

This tend to break HTML tree analysis.
To fix the above case, use C<--unmangle 'post-id-\d+'>.
Multiple unmanglers are accepted (C<--unmangle a --unmangle b>).

=back

=head1 EXAMPLES

    untemplate --color http://bash.org/?1839 http://bash.org/?2486 | less -R

=head1 CAVEATS

Trying to I<untemplate> HTML documents B<not> based on the same template, the results will be empty.

Unfortunately, employing any kind of document identifier as part of element class/id
(common practice in L<WordPress|http://wordpress.org/> themes)
is enough to constitute "not same template".

See the C<--unmangle> option for a work-around.

=head1 AUTHOR

Stanislaw Pusep <stas@sysd.org>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Stanislaw Pusep.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut