package Devel::OverloadInfo;
$Devel::OverloadInfo::VERSION = '0.005';
# ABSTRACT: introspect overloaded operators

#pod =head1 DESCRIPTION
#pod
#pod Devel::OverloadInfo returns information about L<overloaded|overload>
#pod operators for a given class (or object), including where in the
#pod inheritance hierarchy the overloads are declared and where the code
#pod implementing them is.
#pod
#pod =cut

use strict;
use warnings;
use overload ();
use Scalar::Util qw(blessed);
use Sub::Identify qw(sub_fullname);
use Package::Stash 0.14;
use MRO::Compat;

use Exporter 5.57 qw(import);
our @EXPORT_OK = qw(overload_info overload_op_info is_overloaded);

sub stash_with_symbol {
    my ($class, $symbol) = @_;

    for my $package (@{mro::get_linear_isa($class)}) {
        my $stash = Package::Stash->new($package);
        my $value_ref = $stash->get_symbol($symbol);
        return ($stash, $value_ref) if $value_ref;
    }
    return;
}

#pod =func is_overloaded
#pod
#pod    if (is_overloaded($class_or_object)) { ... }
#pod
#pod Returns a boolean indicating whether the given class or object has any
#pod overloading declared.  Note that a bare C<use overload;> with no
#pod actual operators counts as being overloaded.
#pod
#pod Equivalent to
#pod L<overload::Overloaded()|overload/overload::Overloaded(arg)>, but
#pod doesn't trigger various bugs associated with it in versions of perl
#pod before 5.16.
#pod
#pod =cut

sub is_overloaded {
    my $class = blessed($_[0]) || $_[0];

    # Perl before 5.16 seems to corrupt inherited overload info if
    # there's a lone dereference overload and overload::Overloaded()
    # is called before any object has been blessed into the class.
    return !!("$]" >= 5.016
        ? overload::Overloaded($class)
        : stash_with_symbol($class, '&()')
    );
}

#pod =func overload_op_info
#pod
#pod     my $info = overload_op_info($class_or_object, $op);
#pod
#pod Returns a hash reference with information about the specified
#pod overloaded operator of the named class or blessed object.
#pod
#pod Returns C<undef> if the operator is not overloaded.
#pod
#pod See L<overload/Overloadable Operations> for the available operators.
#pod
#pod The keys in the returned hash are as follows:
#pod
#pod =over
#pod
#pod =item class
#pod
#pod The name of the class in which the operator overloading was declared.
#pod
#pod =item code
#pod
#pod A reference to the function implementing the overloaded operator.
#pod
#pod =item code_name
#pod
#pod The name of the function implementing the overloaded operator, as
#pod returned by C<sub_fullname> in L<Sub::Identify>.
#pod
#pod =item method_name (optional)
#pod
#pod The name of the method implementing the overloaded operator, if the
#pod overloading was specified as a named method, e.g. C<< use overload $op
#pod => 'method'; >>.
#pod
#pod =item code_class (optional)
#pod
#pod The name of the class in which the method specified by C<method_name>
#pod was found.
#pod
#pod =item value (optional)
#pod
#pod For the special C<fallback> key, the value it was given in C<class>.
#pod
#pod =back
#pod
#pod =cut

sub overload_op_info {
    my ($class, $op) = @_;
    $class = blessed($class) || $class;

    return undef unless is_overloaded($class);
    my $op_method = $op eq 'fallback' ? "()" : "($op";
    my ($stash, $func) = stash_with_symbol($class, "&$op_method")
        or return undef;
    my $info = {
        class => $stash->name,
    };
    if ($func == \&overload::nil) {
        # Named method or fallback, stored in the scalar slot
        if (my $value_ref = $stash->get_symbol("\$$op_method")) {
            my $value = $$value_ref;
            if ($op eq 'fallback') {
                $info->{value} = $value;
            } else {
                $info->{method_name} = $value;
                if (my ($impl_stash, $impl_func) = stash_with_symbol($class, "&$value")) {
                    $info->{code_class} = $impl_stash->name;
                    $info->{code} = $impl_func;
                }
            }
        }
    } else {
        $info->{code} = $func;
    }
    $info->{code_name} = sub_fullname($info->{code})
        if exists $info->{code};

    return $info;
}

#pod =func overload_info
#pod
#pod     my $info = overload_info($class_or_object);
#pod
#pod Returns a hash reference with information about all the overloaded
#pod operators of specified class name or blessed object.  The keys are the
#pod overloaded operators, as specified in C<%overload::ops> (see
#pod L<overload/Overloadable Operations>), and the values are the hashes
#pod returned by L</overload_op_info>.
#pod
#pod =cut

sub overload_info {
    my $class = blessed($_[0]) || $_[0];

    return {} unless is_overloaded($class);

    my (%overloaded);
    for my $op (map split(/\s+/), values %overload::ops) {
        my $info = overload_op_info($class, $op)
            or next;
        $overloaded{$op} = $info
    }
    return \%overloaded;
}

#pod =head1 CAVEATS
#pod
#pod Whether the C<fallback> key exists when it has its default value of
#pod C<undef> varies between perl versions: Before 5.18 it's there, in
#pod later versions it's not.
#pod
#pod =cut

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Devel::OverloadInfo - introspect overloaded operators

=head1 VERSION

version 0.005

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Devel::OverloadInfo returns information about L<overloaded|overload>
operators for a given class (or object), including where in the
inheritance hierarchy the overloads are declared and where the code
implementing them is.

=head1 FUNCTIONS

=head2 is_overloaded

   if (is_overloaded($class_or_object)) { ... }

Returns a boolean indicating whether the given class or object has any
overloading declared.  Note that a bare C<use overload;> with no
actual operators counts as being overloaded.

Equivalent to
L<overload::Overloaded()|overload/overload::Overloaded(arg)>, but
doesn't trigger various bugs associated with it in versions of perl
before 5.16.

=head2 overload_op_info

    my $info = overload_op_info($class_or_object, $op);

Returns a hash reference with information about the specified
overloaded operator of the named class or blessed object.

Returns C<undef> if the operator is not overloaded.

See L<overload/Overloadable Operations> for the available operators.

The keys in the returned hash are as follows:

=over

=item class

The name of the class in which the operator overloading was declared.

=item code

A reference to the function implementing the overloaded operator.

=item code_name

The name of the function implementing the overloaded operator, as
returned by C<sub_fullname> in L<Sub::Identify>.

=item method_name (optional)

The name of the method implementing the overloaded operator, if the
overloading was specified as a named method, e.g. C<< use overload $op
=> 'method'; >>.

=item code_class (optional)

The name of the class in which the method specified by C<method_name>
was found.

=item value (optional)

For the special C<fallback> key, the value it was given in C<class>.

=back

=head2 overload_info

    my $info = overload_info($class_or_object);

Returns a hash reference with information about all the overloaded
operators of specified class name or blessed object.  The keys are the
overloaded operators, as specified in C<%overload::ops> (see
L<overload/Overloadable Operations>), and the values are the hashes
returned by L</overload_op_info>.

=head1 CAVEATS

Whether the C<fallback> key exists when it has its default value of
C<undef> varies between perl versions: Before 5.18 it's there, in
later versions it's not.

=head1 AUTHOR

Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsåker <ilmari@ilmari.org>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsåker.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut