use strict;
use warnings;
use 5.006; # Found with Perl::MinimumVersion

package Data::Serializable;
{
  $Data::Serializable::VERSION = '0.41.0';
}
use Moose::Role;

# ABSTRACT: Moose role that adds serialization support to any class

use Module::Runtime ();
use Carp qw(croak confess);

# Wrap data structure that is not a hash-ref
sub _wrap_invalid {
    my ($module, $obj) = @_;
    # JSON doesn't know how to serialize anything but hashrefs
    # FIXME: Technically we should allow array-ref, as JSON standard allows it
    if ( $module eq 'Data::Serializer::JSON' ) {
        return ref($obj) eq 'HASH' ? $obj : { '_serialized_object' => $obj };
    }
    # XML::Simple doesn't know the difference between empty string and undef
    if ( $module eq 'Data::Serializer::XML::Simple' ) {
        return { '_serialized_object_is_undef' => 1 } unless defined($obj);
        return $obj if ref($obj) eq 'HASH';
        return { '_serialized_object' => $obj };
    }
    return $obj;
}

# Unwrap JSON previously wrapped with _wrap_invalid()
sub _unwrap_invalid {
    my ($module, $obj) = @_;
    if ( $module eq 'Data::Serializer::JSON' ) {
        if ( ref($obj) eq 'HASH' and keys %$obj == 1 and exists( $obj->{'_serialized_object'} ) ) {
            return $obj->{'_serialized_object'};
        }
        return $obj;
    }
    # XML::Simple doesn't know the difference between empty string and undef
    if ( $module eq 'Data::Serializer::XML::Simple' ) {
        if ( ref($obj) eq 'HASH' and keys %$obj == 1 ) {
            if ( exists $obj->{'_serialized_object_is_undef'}
                and $obj->{'_serialized_object_is_undef'} )
            {
                return undef; ## no critic qw(Subroutines::ProhibitExplicitReturnUndef)
            }
            return $obj->{'_serialized_object'} if exists $obj->{'_serialized_object'};
            return $obj;
        }
        return $obj;
    }
    return $obj;
}


has 'throws_exception' => (
    is      => 'rw',
    isa     => 'Bool',
    default => 1,
);


has "serializer_module" => (
    is      => 'rw',
    isa     => 'Str',
    default => 'Storable',
);


has "serializer" => (
    is      => 'rw',
    isa     => 'CodeRef',
    lazy    => 1,
    builder => '_build_serializer',
);

# Default serializer uses Storable
sub _build_serializer { ## no critic qw(Subroutines::ProhibitUnusedPrivateSubroutines)
    my ($self) = @_;

    # Figure out full package name of serializer
    my $module = $self->serializer_module;
    if( $module ne 'Storable' ) {
        $module = 'Data::Serializer::' . $module;
    }

    # Make sure serializer module is loaded
    Module::Runtime::require_module( $module );

    # Just return sub if using default
    if ( $module eq 'Storable' ) {
        return sub {
            return Storable::nfreeze( \( $_[0] ) );
        };
    }

    unless ( $module->isa('Data::Serializer') ) {
        confess("Serializer module '$module' is not a subclass of Data::Serializer");
    }
    my $handler = bless {}, $module; # subclasses apparently doesn't implement new(), go figure!
    unless ( $handler->can('serialize') ) {
        confess("Serializer module '$module' doesn't implement the serialize() method");
    }

    # Return the specified serializer if we know about it
    return sub {
        # Data::Serializer::* has an instance method called serialize()
        return $handler->serialize(
            _wrap_invalid( $module, $_[0] )
        );
    };

}


has "deserializer" => (
    is      => 'rw',
    isa     => 'CodeRef',
    lazy    => 1,
    builder => '_build_deserializer',
);

# Default deserializer uses Storable
sub _build_deserializer { ## no critic qw(Subroutines::ProhibitUnusedPrivateSubroutines)
    my ($self) = @_;

    # Figure out full package name of serializer
    my $module = $self->serializer_module;
    if( $module ne 'Storable' ) {
        $module = 'Data::Serializer::' . $module;
    }

    # Make sure serializer module is loaded
    Module::Runtime::require_module( $module );

    # Just return sub if using default
    if ( $module eq 'Storable' ) {
        return sub {
            return if @_ > 0 and not defined( $_[0] );
            return ${ Storable::thaw( $_[0] ) };
        };
    }

    unless ( $module->isa('Data::Serializer') ) {
        confess("Serializer module '$module' is not a subclass of Data::Serializer");
    }
    my $handler = bless {}, $module; # subclasses apparently doesn't implement new(), go figure!
    unless ( $handler->can('deserialize') ) {
        confess("Serializer module '$module' doesn't implement the deserialize() method");
    }

    # Return the specified serializer if we know about it
    return sub {
        return if @_ > 0 and not defined( $_[0] );
        # Data::Serializer::* has an instance method called deserialize()
        return _unwrap_invalid(
            $module, $handler->deserialize( $_[0] )
        );
    };

}


sub serialize {
    my ($self,$message) = @_;

    # Serialize data
    my $serialized = eval { $self->serializer->($message); };
    if ($@) {
        croak("Couldn't serialize data: $@") if $self->throws_exception;
        return; # FAIL
    }

    return $serialized;
}


sub deserialize {
    my ($self,$message)=@_;

    # De-serialize data
    my $deserialized = eval { $self->deserializer->($message); };
    if ($@) {
        croak("Couldn't deserialize data: $@") if $self->throws_exception;
        return; # FAIL
    }

    return $deserialized;
}

no Moose::Role;
1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding utf-8

=head1 NAME

Data::Serializable - Moose role that adds serialization support to any class

=head1 VERSION

version 0.41.0

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    package MyClass;
    use Moose;
    with 'Data::Serializable';
    no Moose;

    package main;
    my $obj = MyClass->new( serializer_module => 'JSON' );
    my $json = $obj->serialize( "Foo" );
    ...
    my $str = $obj->deserialize( $json );

=head1 DESCRIPTION

A Moose-based role that enables the consumer to easily serialize/deserialize data structures.
The default serializer is L<Storable>, but any serializer in the L<Data::Serializer> hierarchy can
be used automatically. You can even install your own custom serializer if the pre-defined ones
are not useful for you.

=head1 ATTRIBUTES

=head2 throws_exception

Defines if methods should throw exceptions or return undef. Default is to throw exceptions.
Override default value like this:

    has '+throws_expection' => ( default => 0 );

=head2 serializer_module

Name of a predefined module that you wish to use for serialization.
Any submodule of L<Data::Serializer> is automatically supported.
The built-in support for L<Storable> doesn't require L<Data::Serializer>.

=head2 serializer

If none of the predefined serializers work for you, you can install your own.
This should be a code reference that takes one argument (the message to encode)
and returns a scalar back to the caller with the serialized data.

=head2 deserializer

Same as serializer, but to decode the data.

=head1 METHODS

=head2 serialize($message)

Runs the serializer on the specified argument.

=head2 deserialize($message)

Runs the deserializer on the specified argument.

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over 4

=item *

L<Moose::Manual::Roles>

=item *

L<Data::Serializer>

=back

=for :stopwords cpan testmatrix url annocpan anno bugtracker rt cpants kwalitee diff irc mailto metadata placeholders metacpan

=head1 SUPPORT

=head2 Perldoc

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

  perldoc Data::Serializable

=head2 Websites

The following websites have more information about this module, and may be of help to you. As always,
in addition to those websites please use your favorite search engine to discover more resources.

=over 4

=item *

MetaCPAN

A modern, open-source CPAN search engine, useful to view POD in HTML format.

L<http://metacpan.org/release/Data-Serializable>

=item *

Search CPAN

The default CPAN search engine, useful to view POD in HTML format.

L<http://search.cpan.org/dist/Data-Serializable>

=item *

RT: CPAN's Bug Tracker

The RT ( Request Tracker ) website is the default bug/issue tracking system for CPAN.

L<http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=Data-Serializable>

=item *

AnnoCPAN

The AnnoCPAN is a website that allows community annotations of Perl module documentation.

L<http://annocpan.org/dist/Data-Serializable>

=item *

CPAN Ratings

The CPAN Ratings is a website that allows community ratings and reviews of Perl modules.

L<http://cpanratings.perl.org/d/Data-Serializable>

=item *

CPAN Forum

The CPAN Forum is a web forum for discussing Perl modules.

L<http://cpanforum.com/dist/Data-Serializable>

=item *

CPANTS

The CPANTS is a website that analyzes the Kwalitee ( code metrics ) of a distribution.

L<http://cpants.perl.org/dist/overview/Data-Serializable>

=item *

CPAN Testers

The CPAN Testers is a network of smokers who run automated tests on uploaded CPAN distributions.

L<http://www.cpantesters.org/distro/D/Data-Serializable>

=item *

CPAN Testers Matrix

The CPAN Testers Matrix is a website that provides a visual overview of the test results for a distribution on various Perls/platforms.

L<http://matrix.cpantesters.org/?dist=Data-Serializable>

=item *

CPAN Testers Dependencies

The CPAN Testers Dependencies is a website that shows a chart of the test results of all dependencies for a distribution.

L<http://deps.cpantesters.org/?module=Data::Serializable>

=back

=head2 Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests by email to C<bug-data-serializable at rt.cpan.org>, or through
the web interface at L<http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Data-Serializable>. You will be automatically notified of any
progress on the request by the system.

=head2 Source Code

The code is open to the world, and available for you to hack on. Please feel free to browse it and play
with it, or whatever. If you want to contribute patches, please send me a diff or prod me to pull
from your repository :)

L<http://github.com/robinsmidsrod/Data-Serializable>

  git clone git://github.com/robinsmidsrod/Data-Serializable.git

=head1 AUTHOR

Robin Smidsrød <robin@smidsrod.no>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Robin Smidsrød.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut