package Crypt::PK::X25519;

use strict;
use warnings;
our $VERSION = '0.069';

require Exporter; our @ISA = qw(Exporter); ### use Exporter 5.57 'import';
our %EXPORT_TAGS = ( all => [qw( )] );
our @EXPORT_OK = ( @{ $EXPORT_TAGS{'all'} } );
our @EXPORT = qw();

use Carp;
$Carp::Internal{(__PACKAGE__)}++;
use CryptX;
use Crypt::PK;
use Crypt::Misc qw(read_rawfile encode_b64u decode_b64u encode_b64 decode_b64 pem_to_der der_to_pem);

sub new {
  my $self = shift->_new();
  return @_ > 0 ? $self->import_key(@_) : $self;
}

sub import_key_raw {
  my ($self, $key, $type) = @_;
  croak "FATAL: undefined key" unless $key;
  croak "FATAL: invalid key" unless length($key) == 32;
  croak "FATAL: undefined type" unless $type;
  return $self->_import_raw($key, 1) if $type eq 'private';
  return $self->_import_raw($key, 0) if $type eq 'public';
  croak "FATAL: invalid key type '$type'";
}

sub import_key {
  my ($self, $key, $password) = @_;
  local $SIG{__DIE__} = \&CryptX::_croak;
  croak "FATAL: undefined key" unless $key;

  # special case
  if (ref($key) eq 'HASH') {
    if ($key->{kty} && $key->{kty} eq "OKP" && $key->{crv} && $key->{crv} eq 'X25519') {
      # JWK-like structure e.g.
      # {"kty":"OKP","crv":"X25519","d":"...","x":"..."}
      return $self->_import_raw(decode_b64u($key->{d}), 1) if $key->{d}; # private
      return $self->_import_raw(decode_b64u($key->{x}), 0) if $key->{x}; # public
    }
    if ($key->{curve} && $key->{curve} eq "x25519" && ($key->{priv} || $key->{pub})) {
      # hash exported via key2hash
      return $self->_import_raw(pack("H*", $key->{priv}), 1) if $key->{priv};
      return $self->_import_raw(pack("H*", $key->{pub}),  0) if $key->{pub};
    }
    croak "FATAL: unexpected X25519 key hash";
  }

  my $data;
  if (ref($key) eq 'SCALAR') {
    $data = $$key;
  }
  elsif (-f $key) {
    $data = read_rawfile($key);
  }
  else {
    croak "FATAL: non-existing file '$key'";
  }
  croak "FATAL: invalid key data" unless $data;

  if ($data =~ /-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----(.*?)-----END/sg) {
    $data = pem_to_der($data, $password);
    return $self->_import($data);
  }
  elsif ($data =~ /-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----(.*?)-----END/sg) {
    $data = pem_to_der($data, $password);
    return $self->_import_pkcs8($data, $password);
  }
  elsif ($data =~ /-----BEGIN ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----(.*?)-----END/sg) {
    $data = pem_to_der($data, $password);
    return $self->_import_pkcs8($data, $password);
  }
  elsif ($data =~ /-----BEGIN X25519 PRIVATE KEY-----(.*?)-----END/sg) {
    $data = pem_to_der($data, $password);
    return $self->_import_pkcs8($data, $password);
  }
  elsif ($data =~ /^\s*(\{.*?\})\s*$/s) { # JSON
    my $h = CryptX::_decode_json("$1");
    if ($h->{kty} && $h->{kty} eq "OKP" && $h->{crv} && $h->{crv} eq 'X25519') {
      return $self->_import_raw(decode_b64u($h->{d}), 1) if $h->{d}; # private
      return $self->_import_raw(decode_b64u($h->{x}), 0) if $h->{x}; # public
    }
  }
  elsif (length($data) == 32) {
    croak "FATAL: use import_key_raw() to load raw (32 bytes) X25519 key";
  }
  else {
    my $rv = eval { $self->_import($data) }                  ||
             eval { $self->_import_pkcs8($data, $password) } ||
             eval { $self->_import_x509($data) };
    return $rv if $rv;
  }
  croak "FATAL: invalid or unsupported X25519 key format";
}

sub export_key_pem {
  my ($self, $type, $password, $cipher) = @_;
  local $SIG{__DIE__} = \&CryptX::_croak;
  my $key = $self->export_key_der($type||'');
  return unless $key;
  return der_to_pem($key, "X25519 PRIVATE KEY", $password, $cipher) if substr($type, 0, 7) eq 'private';
  return der_to_pem($key, "PUBLIC KEY") if substr($type,0, 6) eq 'public';
}

sub export_key_jwk {
  my ($self, $type, $wanthash) = @_;
  local $SIG{__DIE__} = \&CryptX::_croak;
  my $kh = $self->key2hash;
  return unless $kh;
  my $hash = { kty => "OKP", crv => "X25519" };
  $hash->{x} = encode_b64u(pack("H*", $kh->{pub}));
  $hash->{d} = encode_b64u(pack("H*", $kh->{priv})) if $type && $type eq 'private' && $kh->{priv};
  return $wanthash ? $hash : CryptX::_encode_json($hash);
}

sub CLONE_SKIP { 1 } # prevent cloning

1;

=pod

=head1 NAME

Crypt::PK::X25519 - Asymmetric cryptography based on X25519

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 use Crypt::PK::X25519;

 #Shared secret
 my $priv = Crypt::PK::X25519->new('Alice_priv_x25519.der');
 my $pub = Crypt::PK::X25519->new('Bob_pub_x25519.der');
 my $shared_secret = $priv->shared_secret($pub);

 #Load key
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new;
 my $pk_hex = "EA7806F721A8570512C8F6EFB4E8D620C49A529E4DF5EAA77DEC646FB1E87E41";
 $pk->import_key_raw(pack("H*", $pk_hex), "public");
 my $sk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new;
 my $sk_hex = "002F93D10BA5728D8DD8E9527721DABA3261C0BB1BEFDE7B4BBDAC631D454651";
 $sk->import_key_raw(pack("H*", $sk_hex), "private");

 #Key generation
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new->generate_key;
 my $private_der = $pk->export_key_der('private');
 my $public_der  = $pk->export_key_der('public');
 my $private_pem = $pk->export_key_pem('private');
 my $public_pem  = $pk->export_key_pem('public');
 my $private_raw = $pk->export_key_raw('private');
 my $public_raw  = $pk->export_key_raw('public');
 my $private_jwk = $pk->export_key_jwk('private');
 my $public_jwk  = $pk->export_key_jwk('public');

=head1 DESCRIPTION

I<Since: CryptX-0.067>

=head1 METHODS

=head2 new

 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new();
 #or
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($priv_or_pub_key_filename);
 #or
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new(\$buffer_containing_priv_or_pub_key);

Support for password protected PEM keys

 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($priv_pem_key_filename, $password);
 #or
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new(\$buffer_containing_priv_pem_key, $password);

=head2 generate_key

Uses Yarrow-based cryptographically strong random number generator seeded with
random data taken from C</dev/random> (UNIX) or C<CryptGenRandom> (Win32).

 $pk->generate_key;

=head2 import_key

Loads private or public key in DER or PEM format.

 $pk->import_key($filename);
 #or
 $pk->import_key(\$buffer_containing_key);

Support for password protected PEM keys:

 $pk->import_key($filename, $password);
 #or
 $pk->import_key(\$buffer_containing_key, $password);

Loading private or public keys form perl hash:

 $pk->import_key($hashref);

 # the $hashref is either a key exported via key2hash
 $pk->import_key({
      curve => "x25519",
      pub   => "EA7806F721A8570512C8F6EFB4E8D620C49A529E4DF5EAA77DEC646FB1E87E41",
      priv  => "002F93D10BA5728D8DD8E9527721DABA3261C0BB1BEFDE7B4BBDAC631D454651",
 });

 # or a hash with items corresponding to JWK (JSON Web Key)
 $pk->import_key({
       kty => "OKP",
       crv => "X25519",
       d   => "AC-T0Qulco2N2OlSdyHaujJhwLsb7957S72sYx1FRlE",
       x   => "6ngG9yGoVwUSyPbvtOjWIMSaUp5N9eqnfexkb7HofkE",
 });

Supported key formats:

 # all formats can be loaded from a file
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($filename);

 # or from a buffer containing the key
 my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new(\$buffer_with_key);

=over

=item * X25519 private keys in PEM format

 -----BEGIN X25519 PRIVATE KEY-----
 MC4CAQAwBQYDK2VuBCIEIAAvk9ELpXKNjdjpUnch2royYcC7G+/ee0u9rGMdRUZR
 -----END X25519 PRIVATE KEY-----

=item * X25519 private keys in password protected PEM format

 -----BEGIN X25519 PRIVATE KEY-----
 Proc-Type: 4,ENCRYPTED
 DEK-Info: DES-CBC,DEEFD3D6B714E75A

 dfFWP5bKn49aZ993NVAhQQPdFWgsTb4j8CWhRjGBVTPl6ITstAL17deBIRBwZb7h
 pAyIka81Kfs=
 -----END X25519 PRIVATE KEY-----

=item * X25519 public keys in PEM format

 -----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
 MCowBQYDK2VuAyEA6ngG9yGoVwUSyPbvtOjWIMSaUp5N9eqnfexkb7HofkE=
 -----END PUBLIC KEY-----

=item * PKCS#8 private keys

 -----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
 MC4CAQAwBQYDK2VuBCIEIAAvk9ELpXKNjdjpUnch2royYcC7G+/ee0u9rGMdRUZR
 -----END PRIVATE KEY-----

=item * PKCS#8 encrypted private keys

 -----BEGIN ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----
 MIGHMEsGCSqGSIb3DQEFDTA+MCkGCSqGSIb3DQEFDDAcBAiS0NOFZmjJswICCAAw
 DAYIKoZIhvcNAgkFADARBgUrDgMCBwQIGd40Hdso8Y4EONSRCTrqvftl9hl3zbH9
 2QmHF1KJ4HDMdLDRxD7EynonCw2SV7BO+XNRHzw2yONqiTybfte7nk9t
 -----END ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----

=item * X25519 private keys in JSON Web Key (JWK) format

See L<https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8037>

 {
  "kty":"OKP",
  "crv":"X25519",
  "x":"6ngG9yGoVwUSyPbvtOjWIMSaUp5N9eqnfexkb7HofkE",
  "d":"AC-T0Qulco2N2OlSdyHaujJhwLsb7957S72sYx1FRlE",
 }

B<BEWARE:> For JWK support you need to have L<JSON::PP>, L<JSON::XS> or L<Cpanel::JSON::XS> module.

=item * X25519 public keys in JSON Web Key (JWK) format

 {
  "kty":"OKP",
  "crv":"X25519",
  "x":"6ngG9yGoVwUSyPbvtOjWIMSaUp5N9eqnfexkb7HofkE",
 }

B<BEWARE:> For JWK support you need to have L<JSON::PP>, L<JSON::XS> or L<Cpanel::JSON::XS> module.

=back

=head2 import_key_raw

Import raw public/private key - can load raw key data exported by L</export_key_raw>.

 $pk->import_key_raw($key, 'public');
 $pk->import_key_raw($key, 'private');

=head2 export_key_der

 my $private_der = $pk->export_key_der('private');
 #or
 my $public_der = $pk->export_key_der('public');

=head2 export_key_pem

 my $private_pem = $pk->export_key_pem('private');
 #or
 my $public_pem = $pk->export_key_pem('public');

Support for password protected PEM keys

 my $private_pem = $pk->export_key_pem('private', $password);
 #or
 my $private_pem = $pk->export_key_pem('private', $password, $cipher);

 # supported ciphers: 'DES-CBC'
 #                    'DES-EDE3-CBC'
 #                    'SEED-CBC'
 #                    'CAMELLIA-128-CBC'
 #                    'CAMELLIA-192-CBC'
 #                    'CAMELLIA-256-CBC'
 #                    'AES-128-CBC'
 #                    'AES-192-CBC'
 #                    'AES-256-CBC' (DEFAULT)

=head2 export_key_jwk

Exports public/private keys as a JSON Web Key (JWK).

 my $private_json_text = $pk->export_key_jwk('private');
 #or
 my $public_json_text = $pk->export_key_jwk('public');

Also exports public/private keys as a perl HASH with JWK structure.

 my $jwk_hash = $pk->export_key_jwk('private', 1);
 #or
 my $jwk_hash = $pk->export_key_jwk('public', 1);

B<BEWARE:> For JWK support you need to have L<JSON::PP>, L<JSON::XS> or L<Cpanel::JSON::XS> module.

=head2 export_key_raw

Export raw public/private key

 my $private_bytes = $pk->export_key_raw('private');
 #or
 my $public_bytes = $pk->export_key_raw('public');

=head2 shared_secret

  # Alice having her priv key $pk and Bob's public key $pkb
  my $pk  = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($priv_key_filename);
  my $pkb = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($pub_key_filename);
  my $shared_secret = $pk->shared_secret($pkb);

  # Bob having his priv key $pk and Alice's public key $pka
  my $pk = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($priv_key_filename);
  my $pka = Crypt::PK::X25519->new($pub_key_filename);
  my $shared_secret = $pk->shared_secret($pka);  # same value as computed by Alice

=head2 is_private

 my $rv = $pk->is_private;
 # 1 .. private key loaded
 # 0 .. public key loaded
 # undef .. no key loaded

=head2 key2hash

 my $hash = $pk->key2hash;

 # returns hash like this (or undef if no key loaded):
 {
   curve => "x25519",
   # raw public key as a hexadecimal string
   pub   => "EA7806F721A8570512C8F6EFB4E8D620C49A529E4DF5EAA77DEC646FB1E87E41",
   # raw private key as a hexadecimal string. undef if key is public only
   priv  => "002F93D10BA5728D8DD8E9527721DABA3261C0BB1BEFDE7B4BBDAC631D454651",
 }

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over

=item * L<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curve25519>

=item * L<https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7748>

=back

=cut