package Catalyst::Request::Upload;

use Moose;
with 'MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast';

use Catalyst::Exception;
use File::Copy ();
use IO::File ();
use File::Spec::Unix;
use PerlIO::utf8_strict;
use namespace::clean -except => 'meta';

has filename => (is => 'rw');
has headers => (is => 'rw');
has size => (is => 'rw');
has tempname => (is => 'rw');
has type => (is => 'rw');
has basename => (is => 'ro', lazy_build => 1);
has raw_basename => (is => 'ro', lazy_build => 1);
has charset => (is=>'ro', predicate=>'has_charset');

has fh => (
  is => 'rw',
  required => 1,
  lazy => 1,
  default => sub {
    my $self = shift;

    my $fh = IO::File->new($self->tempname, IO::File::O_RDONLY);
    unless ( defined $fh ) {
      my $filename = $self->tempname;
      Catalyst::Exception->throw(
          message => qq/Can't open '$filename': '$!'/ );
    }
    return $fh;
  },
);

sub _build_basename {
    my $basename = shift->raw_basename;
    $basename =~ s|[^\w\.-]+|_|g;
    return $basename;
}

sub _build_raw_basename {
    my $self = shift;
    my $basename = $self->filename;
    $basename =~ s|\\|/|g;
    $basename = ( File::Spec::Unix->splitpath($basename) )[2];
    return $basename;
}

no Moose;

=for stopwords uploadtmp

=head1 NAME

Catalyst::Request::Upload - handles file upload requests

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    my $upload = $c->req->upload('field');

    $upload->basename;
    $upload->copy_to;
    $upload->fh;
    $upload->decoded_fh
    $upload->filename;
    $upload->headers;
    $upload->link_to;
    $upload->size;
    $upload->slurp;
    $upload->decoded_slurp;
    $upload->tempname;
    $upload->type;
    $upload->charset;

To specify where Catalyst should put the temporary files, set the 'uploadtmp'
option in the Catalyst config. If unset, Catalyst will use the system temp dir.

    __PACKAGE__->config( uploadtmp => '/path/to/tmpdir' );

See also L<Catalyst>.

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This class provides accessors and methods to handle client upload requests.

=head1 METHODS

=head2 $upload->new

Simple constructor.

=head2 $upload->copy_to

Copies the temporary file using L<File::Copy>. Returns true for success,
false for failure.

     $upload->copy_to('/path/to/target');

Please note the filename used for the copy target is the 'tempname' that
is the actual filename on the filesystem, NOT the 'filename' that was
part of the upload headers.  This might seem counter intuitive but at this
point this behavior is so established that its not something we can change.

You can always create your own copy routine that munges the target path
as you wish.

=cut

sub copy_to {
    my $self = shift;
    return File::Copy::copy( $self->tempname, @_ );
}

=head2 $upload->is_utf8_encoded

Returns true of the upload defines a character set at that value is 'UTF-8'.
This does not try to inspect your upload and make any guesses if the Content
Type charset is undefined.

=cut

sub is_utf8_encoded {
    my $self = shift;
    if(my $charset = $self->charset) {
      return $charset eq 'UTF-8' ? 1 : 0;
    }
    return 0;
}

=head2 $upload->fh

Opens a temporary file (see tempname below) and returns an L<IO::File> handle.

This is a filehandle that is opened with no additional IO Layers.

=head2 $upload->decoded_fh(?$encoding)

Returns a filehandle that has binmode set to UTF-8 if a UTF-8 character set
is found. This also accepts an override encoding value that you can use to
force a particular L<PerlIO> layer.  If neither are found the filehandle is
set to :raw.

This is useful if you are pulling the file into code and inspecting bits and
maybe then sending those bits back as the response.  (Please note this is not
a suitable filehandle to set in the body; use C<fh> if you are doing that).

Please note that using this method sets the underlying filehandle IO layer
so once you use this method if you go back and use the C<fh> method you
still get the IO layer applied.

=cut

sub decoded_fh {
    my ($self, $layer) = @_;
    my $fh  = $self->fh;

    $layer = ':utf8_strict' if !$layer && $self->is_utf8_encoded;
    $layer = ':raw' unless $layer;

    binmode($fh, $layer);
    return $fh;
}

=head2 $upload->filename

Returns the client-supplied filename.

=head2 $upload->headers

Returns an L<HTTP::Headers> object for the request.

=head2 $upload->link_to

Creates a hard link to the temporary file. Returns true for success,
false for failure.

    $upload->link_to('/path/to/target');

=cut

sub link_to {
    my ( $self, $target ) = @_;
    return CORE::link( $self->tempname, $target );
}

=head2 $upload->size

Returns the size of the uploaded file in bytes.

=head2 $upload->slurp(?$encoding)

Optionally accepts an argument to define an IO Layer (which is applied to
the filehandle via binmode; if no layer is defined the default is set to
":raw".

Returns a scalar containing the contents of the temporary file.

Note that this will cause the filehandle pointed to by C<< $upload->fh >> to
be reset to the start of the file using seek and the file handle to be put
into whatever encoding mode is applied.

=cut

sub slurp {
    my ( $self, $layer ) = @_;

    unless ($layer) {
        $layer = ':raw';
    }

    my $content = '';
    my $handle  = $self->fh;

    binmode( $handle, $layer );

    $handle->seek(0, IO::File::SEEK_SET);

    if ($layer eq ':raw') {
        while ( $handle->sysread( my $buffer, 8192 ) ) {
            $content .= $buffer;
        }
    }
    else {
        $content = do { local $/; $handle->getline };
    }

    $handle->seek(0, IO::File::SEEK_SET);
    return $content;
}

=head2 $upload->decoded_slurp(?$encoding)

Works just like C<slurp> except we use C<decoded_fh> instead of C<fh> to
open a filehandle to slurp.  This means if your upload charset is UTF8
we binmode the filehandle to that encoding.

=cut

sub decoded_slurp {
    my ( $self, $layer ) = @_;
    my $handle = $self->decoded_fh($layer);

    $handle->seek(0, IO::File::SEEK_SET);

    my $content = do { local $/; $handle->getline };

    $handle->seek(0, IO::File::SEEK_SET);
    return $content;
}

=head2 $upload->basename

Returns basename for C<filename>.  This filters the name through a regexp
C<basename =~ s|[^\w\.-]+|_|g> to make it safe for filesystems that don't
like advanced characters.  This will of course filter UTF8 characters.
If you need the exact basename unfiltered use C<raw_basename>.

=head2 $upload->raw_basename

Just like C<basename> but without filtering the filename for characters that
don't always write to a filesystem.

=head2 $upload->tempname

Returns the path to the temporary file.

=head2 $upload->type

Returns the client-supplied Content-Type.

=head2 $upload->charset

The character set information part of the content type, if any.  Useful if you
need to figure out any encodings on the file upload.

=head2 meta

Provided by Moose

=head1 AUTHORS

Catalyst Contributors, see Catalyst.pm

=head1 COPYRIGHT

This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=cut

__PACKAGE__->meta->make_immutable;

1;