package Catalyst::Plugin::Session::Store::FastMmap;

use strict;
use Moose;
use MRO::Compat;
use namespace::clean -except => 'meta';

with 'Catalyst::ClassData';
with 'MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast';
extends 'Catalyst::Plugin::Session::Store';

use Cache::FastMmap;
use Path::Class     ();
use File::Spec      ();
use Catalyst::Utils ();

our $VERSION = '0.16';

__PACKAGE__->mk_classdata(qw/_session_fastmmap_storage/);

=head1 NAME

Catalyst::Plugin::Session::Store::FastMmap - FastMmap session storage backend.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Catalyst qw/Session Session::Store::FastMmap Session::State::Foo/;

    MyApp->config(
        'Plugin::Session' => {
            expires => 3600,
            storage => '/tmp/session'
        },
    );

    # ... in an action:
    $c->session->{foo} = 'bar'; # will be saved

=head1 DESCRIPTION

C<Catalyst::Plugin::Session::Store::FastMmap> is a fast session storage plugin
for Catalyst that uses an mmap'ed file to act as a shared memory interprocess
cache. It is based on L<Cache::FastMmap>.

=head2 METHODS

=over 4

=item get_session_data

=item store_session_data

=item delete_session_data

=item delete_expired_sessions

These are implementations of the required methods for a store. See
L<Catalyst::Plugin::Session::Store>.

=item get_and_set_session_data

This is the optional method for atomic write semantics. See
L<Catalyst::Plugin::Session::AtomicWrite>.

=cut

sub get_session_data {
    my ( $c, $sid ) = @_;
    $c->_session_fastmmap_storage->get($sid);
}

sub store_session_data {
    my ( $c, $sid, $data ) = @_;
    $c->_session_fastmmap_storage->set( $sid, $data )
        or Catalyst::Exception->throw("store_session: data too large");
}

sub delete_session_data {
    my ( $c, $sid ) = @_;
    $c->_session_fastmmap_storage->remove($sid);
}

sub delete_expired_sessions { } # unsupported

sub get_and_set_session_data {
    my ( $c, $sid, $sub ) = @_;
    $c->_session_fastmmap_storage->get_and_set( $sid, sub {
        my ( $key, $data ) = @_;
        my $new = $sub->( $key, $data );
        return $new;
    });
}

=item setup_session

Sets up the session cache file.

=cut

sub setup_session {
    my $c = shift;

    $c->maybe::next::method(@_);

    my $tmpdir = Catalyst::Utils::class2tempdir($c)
      || Catalyst::Exception->throw("Can't determine tempdir for $c");

    my $file = $c->_session_plugin_config->{storage} ||=
      File::Spec->catfile(    # Cache::FastMmap doesn't like Path::Class objects
        $tmpdir,
        "session_data",
      );

    my $dir = Path::Class::file($file)->parent;

    unless (-d $dir) {
        $dir->mkpath($c->debug);
    }

    if ($c->debug) {
        $c->log->debug("Session Store file: $file");
    }

    my $cfg = $c->_session_plugin_config;

    $c->_session_fastmmap_storage(
        Cache::FastMmap->new(
            raw_values  => 0,
            share_file  => ($file . ''),  # force serialize in case it is a Path::Class object
            (
                map { $_ => $cfg->{$_} }
                  grep { exists $cfg->{$_} } qw/init_file cache_size page_size unlink_on_exit/
            ),
        )
    );
}

=back

=head1 CAVEATS

Very loaded sites with lots of data in the session hash may have old sessions
expired prematurely, due to the LRU caching policy employed by
L<Cache::FastMmap>. To get around this you can increase the C<cache_size>
parameter, or switch session storage backends.
L<Cache::FastMmap> defaults to around 5mb (89 * 64k).

This is particularly inappropriate for use as a backend for e.g.
L<Catalyst::Plugin::Session::PerUser>, for example.

As L<Cache::FastMmap> is not "thread-safe" (at least version 1.30 and before)
therefore also this module does not work in multi-threaded environment.
It is "fork-safe", however keep in mind that on Win32 the perl "fork" call is
implemented as an emulation via threads - that is the reason why you cannot use
this store for example when running you catalyst application on Win32 platform
with L<Catalyst::Engine::HTTP::Prefork> engine.

=head1 CONFIGURATION

These parameters are placed in the hash under the C<Plugin::Session> key in the
configuration hash.

=over 4

=item storage

Specifies the file to be used for the sharing of session data. The default
value will use L<File::Spec> to find the default tempdir, and use a file named
C<MyApp_session_data>, where C<MyApp> is replaced with the appname.

Note that the file will be created with mode 0640, which means that it
will only be writeable by processes running with the same uid as the
process that creates the file.  If this may be a problem, for example
if you may try to debug the program as one user and run it as another,
specify a filename like C<< /tmp/session-$> >>, which includes the
UID of the process in the filename.

=item init_file

=item cache_size

=item unlink_on_exit

See the L<Cache::FastMmap> documentation for the meaning of these keys. If
these keys are not present L<Cache::FastMmap>'s defaults will be used.

=back

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Catalyst>, L<Catalyst::Plugin::Session>, L<Cache::FastMmap>.

=head1 AUTHORS

This module is derived from L<Catalyst::Plugin::Session::FastMmap> code, and
has been heavily modified since.

  Andrew Ford
  Andy Grundman
  Christian Hansen
  Yuval Kogman, <nothingmuch@woobling.org>
  Marcus Ramberg
  Sebastian Riedel
  Tomas Doran, (t0m) <bobtfish@bobtfish.net>

=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2005 - 2012
the Catalyst::Plugin::Session::Store::FastMmap L</AUTHORS>
as listed above.

=head1 LICENSE

This program is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.

=cut

1;