#!perl

# Note: This script is a CLI for Riap function /App/MysqlUtils/mysql_copy_rows_adjust_pk
# and generated automatically using Perinci::CmdLine::Gen version 0.496

our $AUTHORITY = 'cpan:PERLANCAR'; # AUTHORITY
our $DATE = '2020-05-06'; # DATE
our $DIST = 'App-MysqlUtils'; # DIST
our $VERSION = '0.020'; # VERSION

use 5.010001;
use strict;
use warnings;
use Log::ger;

use Perinci::CmdLine::Any;

my $cmdline = Perinci::CmdLine::Any->new(
    url => "/App/MysqlUtils/mysql_copy_rows_adjust_pk",
    program_name => "mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk",
    log => 1,
    log_level => "info",
    pass_cmdline_object => 1,
    config_filename => "mysqlutils.conf",
);

$cmdline->run;

# ABSTRACT: Copy rows from one table to another, adjust PK column if necessary
# PODNAME: mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk - Copy rows from one table to another, adjust PK column if necessary

=head1 VERSION

This document describes version 0.020 of mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk (from Perl distribution App-MysqlUtils), released on 2020-05-06.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

Usage:

 % mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk [--adjust=s] [--config-path=path | -c] [--config-profile=profile | -P] [--debug] [--dry-run] [--format=name] [--from=s] [--host=s] [--json] [--log-level=level] [--(no)naked-res] [--no-config | -C] [--no-env] [--page-result[=program]] [--password=s] [--pk-column=s] [--port=s] [--quiet] [--to=s] [--trace] [--username=s] [--verbose] <database>

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This utility can be used when you have rows in one table that you want to insert
to another table, but the PK might clash. When that happens, the value of the
other columns are inspected. When all the values of the other columns match, the
row is assumed to be a duplicate and skipped. If some values of the other column
differ, then the row is assumed to be different and a new value of the PK column
is chosen (there are several choices on how to select the new PK).

An example:

 % mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk db1 --from t1 --to t2 --pk-column id --adjust "add 1000"

Suppose these are the rows in table C<t1>:

 id    date                 description        user
 --    ----                 -----------        ----
  1    2018-12-03 12:01:01  Created user u1    admin1
  2    2018-12-03 12:44:33  Removed user u1    admin1

And here are the rows in table C<t2>:

 id    date                 description        user
 --    ----                 -----------        ----
  1    2018-12-03 12:01:01  Created user u1    admin1
  2    2018-12-03 13:00:45  Rebooted machine1  admin1
  3    2018-12-03 13:05:00  Created user u2    admin2

You can see that row id=1 in both tables are identical. This will be skipped. On
the other hand, row id=2 in C<t1> is different with row id=2 in C<t2>. This row
will be adjusted: C<id> will be changed to 2+1000=1002. So the final rows in
table C<t2> will be (sorted by date):

 id    date                 description        user
 --    ----                 -----------        ----
  1    2018-12-03 12:01:01  Created user u1    admin1
  1002 2018-12-03 12:44:33  Removed user u1    admin1
  2    2018-12-03 13:00:45  Rebooted machine1  admin1
  3    2018-12-03 13:05:00  Created user u2    admin2

So basically this utility is similar to MySQL's INSERT ... ON DUPLICATE KEY
UPDATE, but will avoid inserting identical rows.

If the adjusted PK column clashes with another row in the target table, the row
is skipped.

=head1 OPTIONS

C<*> marks required options.

=head2 Main options

=over

=item B<--adjust>=I<s>*

How to adjust the value of the PK column.

Currently the choices are:

* "add N" add N to the original value.
* "subtract N" subtract N from the original value.


=item B<--database>=I<s>*

=item B<--from>=I<s>*

Name of source table.

=item B<--pk-column>=I<s>*

Name of PK column.

=item B<--to>=I<s>*

Name of target table.

=back

=head2 Configuration options

=over

=item B<--config-path>=I<s>, B<-c>

Set path to configuration file.

=item B<--config-profile>=I<s>, B<-P>

Set configuration profile to use.

=item B<--no-config>, B<-C>

Do not use any configuration file.

=back

=head2 Connection options

=over

=item B<--host>=I<s>

Default value:

 "localhost"

=item B<--password>=I<s>

Will try to get default from `~/.my.cnf`.


=item B<--port>=I<s>

Default value:

 3306

=item B<--username>=I<s>

Will try to get default from `~/.my.cnf`.


=back

=head2 Environment options

=over

=item B<--no-env>

Do not read environment for default options.

=back

=head2 Logging options

=over

=item B<--debug>

Shortcut for --log-level=debug.

=item B<--log-level>=I<s>

Set log level.

=item B<--quiet>

Shortcut for --log-level=error.

=item B<--trace>

Shortcut for --log-level=trace.

=item B<--verbose>

Shortcut for --log-level=info.

=back

=head2 Output options

=over

=item B<--format>=I<s>

Choose output format, e.g. json, text.

Default value:

 undef

=item B<--json>

Set output format to json.

=item B<--naked-res>

When outputing as JSON, strip result envelope.

Default value:

 0

By default, when outputing as JSON, the full enveloped result is returned, e.g.:

    [200,"OK",[1,2,3],{"func.extra"=>4}]

The reason is so you can get the status (1st element), status message (2nd
element) as well as result metadata/extra result (4th element) instead of just
the result (3rd element). However, sometimes you want just the result, e.g. when
you want to pipe the result for more post-processing. In this case you can use
`--naked-res` so you just get:

    [1,2,3]


=item B<--page-result>

Filter output through a pager.

=back

=head2 Other options

=over

=item B<--dry-run>

Run in simulation mode (also via DRY_RUN=1).

Default value:

 ""

=item B<--help>, B<-h>, B<-?>

Display help message and exit.

=item B<--version>, B<-v>

Display program's version and exit.

=back

=head1 COMPLETION

This script has shell tab completion capability with support for several
shells.

=head2 bash

To activate bash completion for this script, put:

 complete -C mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk

in your bash startup (e.g. F<~/.bashrc>). Your next shell session will then
recognize tab completion for the command. Or, you can also directly execute the
line above in your shell to activate immediately.

It is recommended, however, that you install modules using L<cpanm-shcompgen>
which can activate shell completion for scripts immediately.

=head2 tcsh

To activate tcsh completion for this script, put:

 complete mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk 'p/*/`mysql-copy-rows-adjust-pk`/'

in your tcsh startup (e.g. F<~/.tcshrc>). Your next shell session will then
recognize tab completion for the command. Or, you can also directly execute the
line above in your shell to activate immediately.

It is also recommended to install L<shcompgen> (see above).

=head2 other shells

For fish and zsh, install L<shcompgen> as described above.

=head1 CONFIGURATION FILE

This script can read configuration files. Configuration files are in the format of L<IOD>, which is basically INI with some extra features.

By default, these names are searched for configuration filenames (can be changed using C<--config-path>): F<~/.config/mysqlutils.conf>, F<~/mysqlutils.conf>, or F</etc/mysqlutils.conf>.

All found files will be read and merged.

To disable searching for configuration files, pass C<--no-config>.

You can put multiple profiles in a single file by using section names like C<[profile=SOMENAME]> or C<[SOMESECTION profile=SOMENAME]>. Those sections will only be read if you specify the matching C<--config-profile SOMENAME>.

You can also put configuration for multiple programs inside a single file, and use filter C<program=NAME> in section names, e.g. C<[program=NAME ...]> or C<[SOMESECTION program=NAME]>. The section will then only be used when the reading program matches.

Finally, you can filter a section by environment variable using the filter C<env=CONDITION> in section names. For example if you only want a section to be read if a certain environment variable is true: C<[env=SOMEVAR ...]> or C<[SOMESECTION env=SOMEVAR ...]>. If you only want a section to be read when the value of an environment variable has value equals something: C<[env=HOSTNAME=blink ...]> or C<[SOMESECTION env=HOSTNAME=blink ...]>. If you only want a section to be read when the value of an environment variable does not equal something: C<[env=HOSTNAME!=blink ...]> or C<[SOMESECTION env=HOSTNAME!=blink ...]>. If you only want a section to be read when an environment variable contains something: C<[env=HOSTNAME*=server ...]> or C<[SOMESECTION env=HOSTNAME*=server ...]>. Note that currently due to simplistic parsing, there must not be any whitespace in the value being compared because it marks the beginning of a new section filter or section name.

List of available configuration parameters:

 adjust (see --adjust)
 database (see --database)
 format (see --format)
 from (see --from)
 host (see --host)
 log_level (see --log-level)
 naked_res (see --naked-res)
 password (see --password)
 pk_column (see --pk-column)
 port (see --port)
 to (see --to)
 username (see --username)

=head1 ENVIRONMENT

=head2 MYSQL_COPY_ROWS_ADJUST_PK_OPT => str

Specify additional command-line options.

=head1 FILES

F<~/.config/mysqlutils.conf>

F<~/mysqlutils.conf>

F</etc/mysqlutils.conf>

=head1 HOMEPAGE

Please visit the project's homepage at L<https://metacpan.org/release/App-MysqlUtils>.

=head1 SOURCE

Source repository is at L<https://github.com/perlancar/perl-App-MysqlUtils>.

=head1 BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website L<https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=App-MysqlUtils>

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a
patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired
feature.

=head1 AUTHOR

perlancar <perlancar@cpan.org>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016 by perlancar@cpan.org.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut