NAME

Mojo::DOM - Minimalistic XML/HTML5 DOM Parser With CSS3 Selectors

SYNOPSIS

    use Mojo::DOM;

    # Parse
    my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new;
    $dom->parse('<div><div id="a">A</div><div id="b">B</div></div>');

    # Find
    my $b = $dom->at('#b');
    print $b->text;

    # Iterate
    $dom->find('div[id]')->each(sub { print shift->text });

    # Loop
    for my $e ($dom->find('div[id]')->each) {
        print $e->text;
    }

    # Get the first 10 links
    $dom->find('a[href]')
      ->while(sub { print shift->attrs->{href} && pop() < 10 });

    # Search for a link about a specific topic
    $dom->find('a[href]')
      ->until(sub { $_->text =~ m/kraih/ && print $_->attrs->{href} });

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::DOM is a minimalistic and very relaxed XML/HTML5 DOM parser with support for CSS3 selectors. Note that this module is EXPERIMENTAL and might change without warning!

Selectors

All CSS3 selectors that make sense for a standalone parser are supported.

*

Any element.

E
    my $title = $dom->at('title');

An element of type E.

E[foo]
    my $links = $dom->find('a[href]');

An E element with a foo attribute.

E[foo="bar"]
    my $fields = $dom->find('input[name="foo"]');

An E element whose foo attribute value is exactly equal to bar.

E[foo~="bar"]
    my $fields = $dom->find('input[name~="foo"]');

An E element whose foo attribute value is a list of whitespace-separated values, one of which is exactly equal to bar.

E[foo^="bar"]
    my $fields = $dom->find('input[name^="f"]');

An E element whose foo attribute value begins exactly with the string bar.

E[foo$="bar"]
    my $fields = $dom->find('input[name$="o"]');

An E element whose foo attribute value ends exactly with the string bar.

E[foo*="bar"]
    my $fields = $dom->find('input[name*="fo"]');

An E element whose foo attribute value contains the substring bar.

E:root
    my $root = $dom->at(':root');

An E element, root of the document.

E:checked
    my $input = $dom->at(':checked');

A user interface element E which is checked (for instance a radio-button or checkbox).

E:empty
    my $empty = $dom->find(':empty');

An E element that has no children (including text nodes).

E:nth-child(n)
    my $third = $dom->at('div:nth-child(3)');
    my $odd   = $dom->find('div:nth-child(odd)');
    my $even  = $dom->find('div:nth-child(even)');
    my $top3  = $dom->find('div:nth-child(-n+3)');

An E element, the n-th child of its parent.

E:nth-last-child(n)
    my $third    = $dom->at('div:nth-last-child(3)');
    my $odd      = $dom->find('div:nth-last-child(odd)');
    my $even     = $dom->find('div:nth-last-child(even)');
    my $bottom3  = $dom->find('div:nth-last-child(-n+3)');

An E element, the n-th child of its parent, counting from the last one.

E:nth-of-type(n)
    my $third = $dom->at('div:nth-of-type(3)');
    my $odd   = $dom->find('div:nth-of-type(odd)');
    my $even  = $dom->find('div:nth-of-type(even)');
    my $top3  = $dom->find('div:nth-of-type(-n+3)');

An E element, the n-th sibling of its type.

E:nth-last-of-type(n)
    my $third    = $dom->at('div:nth-last-of-type(3)');
    my $odd      = $dom->find('div:nth-last-of-type(odd)');
    my $even     = $dom->find('div:nth-last-of-type(even)');
    my $bottom3  = $dom->find('div:nth-last-of-type(-n+3)');

An E element, the n-th sibling of its type, counting from the last one.

E:first-child
    my $first = $dom->at('div p:first-child');

An E element, first child of its parent.

E:last-child
    my $last = $dom->at('div p:last-child');

An E element, last child of its parent.

E:first-of-type
    my $first = $dom->at('div p:first-of-type');

An E element, first sibling of its type.

E:last-of-type
    my $last = $dom->at('div p:last-of-type');

An E element, last sibling of its type.

E:only-child
    my $lonely = $dom->at('div p:only-child');

An E element, only child of its parent.

E:only-of-type
    my $lonely = $dom->at('div p:only-of-type');

an E element, only sibling of its type.

E:not(s)
    my $others = $dom->at('div p:not(:first-child)');

An E element that does not match simple selector s.

E F
    my $headlines = $dom->find('div h1');

An F element descendant of an E element.

E > F
    my $headlines = $dom->find('html > body > div > h1');

An F element child of an E element.

E + F
    my $second = $dom->find('h1 + h2');

An F element immediately preceded by an E element.

E ~ F
    my $second = $dom->find('h1 ~ h2');

An F element preceded by an E element.

E, F, G
    my $headlines = $dom->find('h1, h2, h3');

Elements of type E, F and G.

E[foo=bar][bar=baz]
    my $links = $dom->find('a[foo^="b"][foo$="ar"]');

An E element whose attributes match all following attribute selectors.

ATTRIBUTES

Mojo::DOM implements the following attributes.

charset

    my $charset = $dom->charset;
    $dom        = $dom->charset('UTF-8');

Charset used for decoding and encoding XML.

tree

    my $array = $dom->tree;
    $dom      = $dom->tree(['root', ['text', 'lalala']]);

Document Object Model.

METHODS

Mojo::DOM inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.

after

    $dom = $dom->after('<p>Hi!</p>');

Add after element.

    $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->after('<h2>B</h2>');

all_text

    my $text = $dom->all_text;

Extract all text content from DOM structure.

at

    my $result = $dom->at('html title');

Find a single element with CSS3 selectors.

attrs

    my $attrs = $dom->attrs;

Element attributes.

before

    $dom = $dom->before('<p>Hi!</p>');

Add before element.

    $dom->parse('<div><h2>A</h2></div>')->at('h2')->before('<h1>B</h1>');

children

    my $children = $dom->children;

Children of element.

find

    my $results = $dom->find('html title');

Find elements with CSS3 selectors.

    print $dom->find('div')->[23]->text;
    $dom->find('div')->each(sub { print shift->text });
    $dom->find('div')->while(sub { print $_->text && $_->text =~ /foo/ });
    $dom->find('div')->until(sub { $_->text =~ /foo/ && print $_->text });

inner_xml

    my $xml = $dom->inner_xml;

Render content of this element to XML.

namespace

    my $namespace = $dom->namespace;

Element namespace.

parent

    my $parent = $dom->parent;

Parent of element.

parse

    $dom = $dom->parse('<foo bar="baz">test</foo>');

Parse XML document.

replace

    $dom = $dom->replace('<div>test</div>');

Replace elements.

    $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->replace('<h2>B</h2>');

replace_inner

    $dom = $dom->replace_inner('test');

Replace element content.

    $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->replace_inner('B');

root

    my $root = $dom->root;

Find root element.

text

    my $text = $dom->text;

Extract text content from element only, not including child elements.

to_xml

    my $xml = $dom->to_xml;

Render DOM to XML.

type

    my $type = $dom->type;
    $dom     = $dom->type('html');

Element type.

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicious.org.