++ed by:
FVOX ECARROLL MHOWARD KEEDI JBERGER

19 PAUSE users
15 non-PAUSE users.

Jan Henning Thorsen
and 3 contributors

NAME

Mojolicious::Plugin::OpenAPI::Cors - OpenAPI plugin for Cross-Origin Resource Sharing

SYNOPSIS

Application

Set "add_preflighted_routes" to 1, if you want "Preflighted" CORS requests to be sent to your already existing actions.

  $app->plugin("OpenAPI" => {add_preflighted_routes => 1});

Simple exchange

The following example will automatically set default CORS response headers after validating the request against "openapi_cors_allowed_origins":

  package MyApp::Controller::User;

  sub get_user {
    my $c = shift->openapi->cors_exchange->openapi->valid_input or return;

    # Will only run this part if both the cors_exchange and valid_input was successful.
    $c->render(openapi => {user => {}});
  }

Using the specification

It's possible to enable preflight and simple CORS support directly in the specification. Here is one example:

  "/user/{id}/posts": {
    "parameters": [
      { "in": "header", "name": "Origin", "type": "string", "pattern": "https?://example.com" }
    ],
    "options": {
      "x-mojo-to": "#openapi_plugin_cors_exchange",
      "responses": {
        "200": { "description": "Cors exchange", "schema": { "type": "string" } }
      }
    },
    "put": {
      "x-mojo-to": "user#add_post",
      "responses": {
        "200": { "description": "Add a new post.", "schema": { "type": "object" } }
      }
    }
  }

The special part can be found in the "OPTIONS" request It has the x-mojo-to key set to "#openapi_plugin_cors_exchange". This will enable Mojolicious::Plugin::OpenAPI::Cors to take over the route and add a custom callback to validate the input headers using regular OpenAPI rules and respond with a "200 OK" and the default headers as listed under "openapi.cors_exchange" if the input is valid. The only extra part that needs to be done in the add_post() action is this:

  sub add_post {
    my $c = shift->openapi->valid_input or return;

    # Need to respond with a "Access-Control-Allow-Origin" header if
    # the input "Origin" header was validated
    $c->res->headers->access_control_allow_origin($c->req->headers->origin)
      if $c->req->headers->origin;

    # Do the rest of your custom logic
    $c->respond(openapi => {});
  }

Custom exchange

If you need full control, you must pass a callback to "openapi.cors_exchange":

  package MyApp::Controller::User;

  sub get_user {
    # Validate incoming CORS request with _validate_cors()
    my $c = shift->openapi->cors_exchange("_validate_cors")->openapi->valid_input or return;

    # Will only run this part if both the cors_exchange and valid_input was
    # successful.
    $c->render(openapi => {user => {}});
  }

  # This method must return undef on success. Any true value will be used as an error.
  sub _validate_cors {
    my $c     = shift;
    my $req_h = $c->req->headers;
    my $res_h = $c->res->headers;

    # The following "Origin" header check is the same for both simple and
    # preflighted.
    return "/Origin" unless $req_h->origin =~ m!^https?://whatever.example.com!;

    # The following checks are only valid if preflighted...

    # Check the Access-Control-Request-Headers header
    my $headers = $req_h->header('Access-Control-Request-Headers');
    return "Bad stuff." if $headers and $headers =~ /X-No-Can-Do/;

    # Check the Access-Control-Request-Method header
    my $method = $req_h->header('Access-Control-Request-Methods');
    return "Not cool." if $method and $method eq "DELETE";

    # Set the following header for both simple and preflighted on success
    # or just let the auto-renderer handle it.
    $c->res->headers->access_control_allow_origin($req_h->origin);

    # Set Preflighted response headers, instead of using the default
    if ($c->stash("openapi_cors_type") eq "preflighted") {
      $c->res->headers->header("Access-Control-Allow-Headers" => "X-Whatever, X-Something");
      $c->res->headers->header("Access-Control-Allow-Methods" => "POST, GET, OPTIONS");
      $c->res->headers->header("Access-Control-Max-Age" => 86400);
    }

    # Return undef on success.
    return undef;
  }

DESCRIPTION

Mojolicious::Plugin::OpenAPI::Cors is a plugin for accepting Preflighted or Simple Cross-Origin Resource Sharing requests. See https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/CORS for more details.

This plugin is loaded by default by Mojolicious::Plugin::OpenAPI.

Note that this plugin currently EXPERIMENTAL! Please comment on https://github.com/jhthorsen/mojolicious-plugin-openapi/pull/102 if you have any feedback or create a new issue.

STASH VARIABLES

The following "stash variables" can be set in "defaults" in Mojolicious, "to" in Mojolicious::Routes::Route or "stash" in Mojolicious::Controller.

openapi_cors_allowed_origins

This variable should hold an array-ref of regexes that will be matched against the "Origin" header in case the default "openapi_cors_default_exchange_callback" is used. Examples:

  $app->defaults(openapi_cors_allowed_origins => [qr{^https?://whatever.example.com}]);
  $c->stash(openapi_cors_allowed_origins => [qr{^https?://whatever.example.com}]);

openapi_cors_default_exchange_callback

This value holds a default callback that will be used by "openapi.cors_exchange", unless you pass on a $callback. The default provided by this plugin will simply validate the Origin header against "openapi_cors_allowed_origins".

Here is an example to allow every "Origin"

  $app->defaults(openapi_cors_default_exchange_callback => sub {
    my $c = shift;
    $c->res->headers->header("Access-Control-Allow-Origin" => "*");
    return undef;
  });

openapi_cors_default_max_age

Holds the default value for the "Access-Control-Max-Age" response header set by "openapi.cors_preflighted". Examples:

  $app->defaults(openapi_cors_default_max_age => 86400);
  $c->stash(openapi_cors_default_max_age => 86400);

Default value is 1800.

openapi_cors_type

This stash variable is available inside the callback passed on to "openapi.cors_exchange". It will be either "preflighted", "real" or "simple". "real" is the type that comes after "preflighted" when the actual request is sent to the server, but with "Origin" header set.

HELPERS

openapi.cors_exchange

  $c = $c->openapi->cors_exchange($callback);
  $c = $c->openapi->cors_exchange("MyApp::cors_validator");
  $c = $c->openapi->cors_exchange("_some_controller_method");
  $c = $c->openapi->cors_exchange(sub { ... });
  $c = $c->openapi->cors_exchange;

Used to validate either a simple CORS request, preflighted CORS request or a real request. It will be called as soon as the "Origin" request header is seen.

The $callback will be called with the current Mojolicious::Controller object and must return an error or undef() on success:

  my $error = $callback->($c);

The $error must be in one of the following formats:

  • undef()

    Returning undef() means that the CORS request is valid.

  • A string starting with "/"

    Shortcut for generating a 400 Bad Request response with a header name. Example:

      return "/Access-Control-Request-Headers";
  • Any other string

    Used to generate a 400 Bad Request response with a completely custom message.

  • An array-ref

    Used to generate a completely custom 400 Bad Request response. Example:

      return [{message => "Some error!", path => "/Whatever"}];
      return [{message => "Some error!"}];
      return [JSON::Validator::Error->new];

On success, the following headers will be set, unless already set by $callback:

  • Access-Control-Allow-Headers

    Set to the header of the incoming "Access-Control-Request-Headers" header.

  • Access-Control-Allow-Methods

    Set to the list of HTTP methods defined in the OpenAPI spec for this path.

  • Access-Control-Allow-Origin

    Set to the "Origin" header in the request.

  • Access-Control-Max-Age

    Set to "openapi_cors_default_max_age".

METHODS

register

Called by Mojolicious::Plugin::OpenAPI.

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious::Plugin::OpenAPI.