NAME

App::CSVUtils - CLI utilities related to CSV

VERSION

This document describes version 0.025 of App::CSVUtils (from Perl distribution App-CSVUtils), released on 2019-11-29.

DESCRIPTION

This distribution contains the following CLI utilities:

FUNCTIONS

csv_add_field

Usage:

 csv_add_field(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Add a field to CSV file.

Your Perl code (-e) will be called for each row (excluding the header row) and should return the value for the new field. $main::row is available and contains the current row. $main::rownum contains the row number (2 means the first data row). $csv is the Text::CSV_XS object. $main::field_idxs is also available for additional information.

Field by default will be added as the last field, unless you specify one of --after (to put after a certain field), --before (to put before a certain field), or --at (to put at specific position, 1 means as the first field).

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • after => str

    Put the new field after specified field.

  • at => int

    Put the new field at specific position (1 means as first field).

  • before => str

    Put the new field before specified field.

  • eval* => str|code

    Perl code to do munging.

  • field* => str

    Field name.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_avg

Usage:

 csv_avg(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Output a summary row which are arithmetic averages of data rows.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

  • with_data_rows => bool

    Whether to also output data rows.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_concat

Usage:

 csv_concat(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Concatenate several CSV files together, collecting all the fields.

Example, concatenating this CSV:

 col1,col2
 1,2
 3,4

and:

 col2,col4
 a,b
 c,d
 e,f

and:

 col3
 X
 Y

will result in:

 col1,col2,col4,col3
 1,2,
 3,4,
 ,a,b
 ,c,d
 ,e,f
 ,,,X
 ,,,Y

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filenames* => array[filename]

    Input CSV files.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_convert_to_hash

Usage:

 csv_convert_to_hash(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Return a hash of field names as keys and first row as values.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • row_number => int (default: 2)

    Row number (e.g. 2 for first data row).

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_delete_field

Usage:

 csv_delete_field(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Delete one or more fields from CSV file.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • fields* => array[str]

    Field names.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_dump

Usage:

 csv_dump(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Dump CSV as data structure (array of array/hash).

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • hash => bool

    Provide row in $_ as hashref instead of arrayref.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_each_row

Usage:

 csv_each_row(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Run Perl code for every row.

Examples:

  • Delete user data:

     csv_each_row(
       filename => "users.csv",
       eval => "unlink qq(/home/data/\$_->{username}.dat)",
       hash => 1
     );

This is like csv_map, except result of code is not printed.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • eval* => str|code

    Perl code.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • hash => bool

    Provide row in $_ as hashref instead of arrayref.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_grep

Usage:

 csv_grep(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Only output row(s) where Perl expression returns true.

Examples:

  • Only show rows where the amount field is divisible by 7:

     csv_grep( filename => "file.csv", eval => "\$_->{amount} % 7 ? 1:0", hash => 1);
  • Only show rows where date is a Wednesday:

     csv_grep(
       filename => "file.csv",
       eval => "BEGIN { use DateTime::Format::Natural; \$parser = DateTime::Format::Natural->new } \$dt = \$parser->parse_datetime(\$_->{date}); \$dt->day_of_week == 3",
       hash => 1
     );

This is like Perl's grep performed over rows of CSV. In $_, your Perl code will find the CSV row as an arrayref (or, if you specify -H, as a hashref). $main::row is also set to the row (always as arrayref). $main::rownum contains the row number (2 means the first data row). $main::csv is the Text::CSV_XS object. $main::field_idxs is also available for additional information.

Your code is then free to return true or false based on some criteria. Only rows where Perl expression returns true will be included in the result.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • eval* => str|code

    Perl code.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • hash => bool

    Provide row in $_ as hashref instead of arrayref.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_info

Usage:

 csv_info(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Show information about CSV file (number of rows, fields, etc).

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_list_field_names

Usage:

 csv_list_field_names(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

List field names of CSV file.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_lookup_fields

Usage:

 csv_lookup_fields(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Fill fields of a CSV file from another.

Example input:

 # report.csv
 client_id,followup_staff,followup_note,client_email,client_phone
 101,Jerry,not renewing,
 299,Jerry,still thinking over,
 734,Elaine,renewing,
 
 # clients.csv
 id,name,email,phone
 101,Andy,andy@example.com,555-2983
 102,Bob,bob@acme.example.com,555-2523
 299,Cindy,cindy@example.com,555-7892
 400,Derek,derek@example.com,555-9018
 701,Edward,edward@example.com,555-5833
 734,Felipe,felipe@example.com,555-9067

To fill up the client_email and client_phone fields of report.csv from clients.csv, we can use: --lookup-fields client_id:id --fill-fields client_email:email,client_phone:phone. The result will be:

 client_id,followup_staff,followup_note,client_email,client_phone
 101,Jerry,not renewing,andy@example.com,555-2983
 299,Jerry,still thinking over,cindy@example.com,555-7892
 734,Elaine,renewing,felipe@example.com,555-9067

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • count => bool

    Do not output rows, just report the number of rows filled.

  • fill_fields* => str

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • ignore_case => bool

  • lookup_fields* => str

  • source* => filename

    CSV file to lookup values from.

  • target* => filename

    CSV file to fill fields of.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_map

Usage:

 csv_map(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Return result of Perl code for every row.

Examples:

  • Create SQL insert statements (escaping is left as an exercise for users):

     csv_map(
       filename => "file.csv",
       eval => "INSERT INTO mytable (id,amount) VALUES (\$_->{id}, \$_->{amount});",
       hash => 1
     );

This is like Perl's map performed over rows of CSV. In $_, your Perl code will find the CSV row as an arrayref (or, if you specify -H, as a hashref). $main::row is also set to the row (always as arrayref). $main::rownum contains the row number (2 means the first data row). $main::csv is the Text::CSV_XS object. $main::field_idxs is also available for additional information.

Your code is then free to return a string based on some operation against these data. This utility will then print out the resulting string.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • add_newline => bool (default: 1)

    Whether to make sure each string ends with newline.

  • eval* => str|code

    Perl code.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • hash => bool

    Provide row in $_ as hashref instead of arrayref.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_munge_field

Usage:

 csv_munge_field(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Munge a field in every row of CSV file.

Perl code (-e) will be called for each row (excluding the header row) and $_ will contain the value of the field, and the Perl code is expected to modify it. $main::row will contain the current row array. $main::rownum contains the row number (2 means the first data row). $main::csv is the Text::CSV_XS object. $main::field_idxs is also available for additional information.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • eval* => str|code

    Perl code to do munging.

  • field* => str

    Field name.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_replace_newline

Usage:

 csv_replace_newline(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Replace newlines in CSV values.

Some CSV parsers or applications cannot handle multiline CSV values. This utility can be used to convert the newline to something else. There are a few choices: replace newline with space (--with-space, the default), remove newline (--with-nothing), replace with encoded representation (--with-backslash-n), or with characters of your choice (--with 'blah').

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

  • with => str (default: " ")

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_select_fields

Usage:

 csv_select_fields(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Only output selected field(s).

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • field_pat => re

    Field regex pattern to select.

  • fields => array[str]

    Field names.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_select_row

Usage:

 csv_select_row(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Only output specified row(s).

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • row_spec* => str

    Row number (e.g. 2 for first data row), range (2-7), or comma-separated list of such (2-7,10,20-23).

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_setop

Usage:

 csv_setop(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Set operation against several CSV files.

Example input:

 # file1.csv
 a,b,c
 1,2,3
 4,5,6
 7,8,9
 
 # file2.csv
 a,b,c
 1,2,3
 4,5,7
 7,8,9

Output of intersection (--intersect file1.csv file2.csv), which will return common rows between the two files:

 a,b,c
 1,2,3
 7,8,9

Output of union (--union file1.csv file2.csv), which will return all rows with duplicate removed:

 a,b,c
 1,2,3
 4,5,6
 4,5,7
 7,8,9

Output of difference (--diff file1.csv file2.csv), which will return all rows in the first file but not in the second:

 a,b,c
 4,5,6

Output of symmetric difference (--symdiff file1.csv file2.csv), which will return all rows in the first file not in the second, as well as rows in the second not in the first:

 a,b,c
 4,5,6
 4,5,7

You can specify --compare-fields to only consider some fields only, for example --union --compare-fields a,b file1.csv file2.csv:

 a,b,c
 1,2,3
 4,5,6
 7,8,9

Each field specified in --compare-fields can be specified using F1:F2:... format to refer to different field names or indexes in each file, for example if file3.csv is:

 # file3.csv
 Ei,Si,Bi
 1,3,2
 4,7,5
 7,9,8

Then --union --compare-fields a:Ei,b:Bi file1.csv file3.csv will result in:

 a,b,c
 1,2,3
 4,5,6
 7,8,9

Finally you can print out certain fields using --result-fields.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • compare_fields => str

  • filenames* => array[filename]

    Input CSV files.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • ignore_case => bool

  • op* => str

    Set operation to perform.

  • result_fields => str

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_sort_fields

Usage:

 csv_sort_fields(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Sort CSV fields.

This utility sorts the order of fields in the CSV. Example input CSV:

 b,c,a
 1,2,3
 4,5,6

Example output CSV:

 a,b,c
 3,1,2
 6,4,5

You can also reverse the sort order (-r), sort case-insensitively (-i), or provides the ordering, e.g. --example a,c,b.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • ci => bool

  • example => str

    A comma-separated list of field names.

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • reverse => bool

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_sort_rows

Usage:

 csv_sort_rows(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Sort CSV rows.

This utility sorts the rows in the CSV. Example input CSV:

 name,age
 Andy,20
 Dennis,15
 Ben,30
 Jerry,30

Example output CSV (using --by-fields +age which means by age numerically and ascending):

 name,age
 Dennis,15
 Andy,20
 Ben,30
 Jerry,30

Example output CSV (using --by-fields -age, which means by age numerically and descending):

 name,age
 Ben,30
 Jerry,30
 Andy,20
 Dennis,15

Example output CSV (using --by-fields name, which means by name ascibetically and ascending):

 name,age
 Andy,20
 Ben,30
 Dennis,15
 Jerry,30

Example output CSV (using --by-fields ~name, which means by name ascibetically and descending):

 name,age
 Jerry,30
 Dennis,15
 Ben,30
 Andy,20

Example output CSV (using --by-fields +age,~name):

 name,age
 Dennis,15
 Andy,20
 Jerry,30
 Ben,30

You can also reverse the sort order (-r), sort case-insensitively (-i), or provides the code (--by-code, for example --by-code '$a->[1] <=> $b->[1] || $b->[0] cmp $a->[0]' which is equivalent to --by-fields +age,~name). If you use --hash, your code will receive the rows to be compared as hashref, e.g. `--hash --by-code '$a->{age} <=> $b->{age} || $b->{name} cmp $a->{name}'.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • by_code => str|code

    Perl code to do sorting.

    $a and $b (or the first and second argument) will contain the two rows to be compared.

  • by_fields => str

    A comma-separated list of field sort specification.

    +FIELD to mean sort numerically ascending, -FIELD to sort numerically descending, FIELD to mean sort ascibetically ascending, ~FIELD to mean sort ascibetically descending.

  • ci => bool

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • hash => bool

    Provide row in $_ as hashref instead of arrayref.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • reverse => bool

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_split

Usage:

 csv_split(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Split CSV file into several files.

Will output split files xaa, xab, and so on. Each split file will contain a maximum of lines rows (options to limit split files' size based on number of characters and bytes will be added). Each split file will also contain CSV header.

Warning: by default, existing split files xaa, xab, and so on will be overwritten.

Interface is loosely based on the split Unix utility.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • lines => uint (default: 1000)

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

csv_sum

Usage:

 csv_sum(%args) -> [status, msg, payload, meta]

Output a summary row which are arithmetic sums of data rows.

This function is not exported.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • filename* => filename

    Input CSV file.

  • header => bool (default: 1)

    Whether CSV has a header row.

    By default (--header), the first row of the CSV will be assumed to contain field names (and the second row contains the first data row). When you declare that CSV does not have header row (--no-header), the first row of the CSV is assumed to contain the first data row. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

  • tsv => bool

    Inform that input file is in TSV (tab-separated) format instead of CSV.

  • with_data_rows => bool

    Whether to also output data rows.

Returns an enveloped result (an array).

First element (status) is an integer containing HTTP status code (200 means OK, 4xx caller error, 5xx function error). Second element (msg) is a string containing error message, or 'OK' if status is 200. Third element (payload) is optional, the actual result. Fourth element (meta) is called result metadata and is optional, a hash that contains extra information.

Return value: (any)

FAQ

My CSV does not have a header?

Use the --no-header option. Fields will be named field1, field2, and so on.

My data is TSV, not CSV?

Use the --tsv option.

I have a big CSV and the utilities are too slow or eat too much RAM!

These utilities are not (yet) optimized, patches welcome. If your CSV is very big, perhaps a C-based solution is what you need.

HOMEPAGE

Please visit the project's homepage at https://metacpan.org/release/App-CSVUtils.

SOURCE

Source repository is at https://github.com/perlancar/perl-App-CSVUtils.

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=App-CSVUtils

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

SEE ALSO

App::TSVUtils

App::LTSVUtils

App::SerializeUtils

csvgrep.

csv-select-row.

setop.

csv-split.

AUTHOR

perlancar <perlancar@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016 by perlancar@cpan.org.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.